Sentence Types: • Simple Sentence • Compound Sentence • Complex Sentence • Complex-Compound Sentence
Simple Sentences… • Also called an INDEPENDENT CLAUSE • Must contain a subject and a verb • Be able to stand alone and make sense • May have compound parts like a compound subject (Jack and Jill) or a compound verb (run, skip, jump, and leap) • May contain modifiers like adjectives and adverbs (Sly Jack and silly Jill skipped up and tumbled carelessly down the hill.) • May contain prepositional phrases (prep phrases begin with a preposition and end with a noun or pronoun – down the hill.) • Must be capitalized and punctuated correctly.
Examples of Simple Sentences • Halt! • (You) = understood subject + verb • Kayla enjoyed the movie. • Simple subject + verb + direct object • Kayla and Sharikaenjoyed the movieimmensely. • Compound subject + verb + direct object + adverb • On Saturday night, Kayla and Sharika enjoyed themovie immensely. • Prepositional phrase + subject + verb + do + adverb
Compound Sentences • Must contain at least TWO independent clauses • Each independent clause must be able to stand alone as a sentence • The independent clauses must be combined by a comma and a conjunction • FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) • Formula for a Compound Sentence: • I.C. + comma + conjunction + I.C. + end mark • Sometimes, a compound sentence may be combined by a semicolon. • IC + ; + IC + end mark
Example of a Compound Sentence Kayla enjoyedthemovie, but shewouldnotrecommend it to anyone. Comma/conjunction Independent clause Independent clause
Complex Sentences • Must contain an independent clause (can stand alone as a sentence) • Must contain one dependent or subordinate clause • A word group with a subject and a verb but it cannot stand alone as a sentence • While Mary slept (this can’t stand alone but it does have a subject and a verb) • The subordinate/dependent clause may be at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of the independent clause (If the dependent clause is at the beginning of the sentence, a comma must follow it.) • Formula for a Complex Sentence: • IC + DC + end mark • Mary slept while the baby slept. • DC + comma + IC + end mark • While the baby slept, Mary slept. • Part of the IC + DC + the rest of the IC + end mark • The man who is a clown in the circus is funny.
Example of a Complex Sentence with the Clause Beginning the Sentence While Casey was at bat,the other team heckled him. Comma dependent clause Independent clause
Example of a Complex Sentence with the Clause at the End Kayla enjoyed the movie while her mother shopped at the mall.. No comma needed independent clause dependent clause
Compound-Complex Sentence • Combines a compound sentence with a dependent clause. • The dependent clause can be anywhere • There can be more than once dependent clause • Formula for a compound-complex sentence: • IC + comma + conjunction + IC + DC + end mark • Imogene is a twin, but her twin is boy who resembles their father. • DC + comma + IC + comma + conjunction + IC + end mark • While Imogene resembles their mother, she has a twin brother, and he resembles their father. • IC + DC + comma + conjunction + IC + end mark • Imogene is a twin who looks like her mother, but her twin brother looks like their father.
Example of a Compound-complex Sentence Kayla enjoyed the movie, yet while she liked it, she would not recommend it. Comma/conjunction Dependent clause Independent clause Independent clause