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Civil War & Reconstruction

Civil War & Reconstruction

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Civil War & Reconstruction

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  1. Civil War & Reconstruction 5th Grade Social Studies Chapter 13 Lesson 1 A Nation at War

  2. Lesson 13.1- A Nation at Warpages 452-459 Vocabulary draft border states casualties draft emancipation forced enrollment in the armed forces

  3. Lesson 13.1- A Nation at Warpages 452-459 Vocabulary emancipation border states casualties draft emancipation liberation, especially from slavery

  4. Lesson 13.1- A Nation at Warpages 452-459 Vocabulary casualties border states casualties draft emancipation people who are killed, wounded, captured, or missing during a military action

  5. Lesson 13.1- A Nation at Warpages 452-459 Vocabulary border states border states casualties draft emancipation slave states that remained part of the Union during the Civil War

  6. Lesson 13.1- A Nation at Warpages 452-459 • What were the four border states at the start of the Civil War? • Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, and Delaware • What was the Union’s plan for achieving victory? • The Union planned to block seaports, control the Mississippi River, & attack from east to west at once

  7. Lesson 13.1- A Nation at Warpages 452-459 • What happened at the Battle of Antietam? • Union Army stopped General Lee from invading North. Armies suffered 22,000 combined casualties • Why was Vicksburg the only major Confederate town left to capture on the Mississippi River? • Vicksburg sat on cliffs where Confederates could shoot at Union ships

  8. Lesson 13.1- A Nation at Warpages 452-459 • What were some of the problems Jefferson Davis faced? • The Confederates couldn’t get enough food or supplies because of blockade. Davis had to start draft. Confederate states ignored his orders.

  9. Lesson 13.1- A Nation at Warpages 452-459 • Why did President Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation? • Freeing enslaved people would hurt the Confederacy. Former Southern slaves could help the North • What battle was a turning point of the war? • Gettysburg

  10. Civil War & Reconstruction 5th Grade Social Studies Chapter 13 Lesson 2 The Human Face of War

  11. Lesson 13.2- The Human Face of Warpages 460-465 Vocabulary camp home front civilian civilian a person not serving in the armed forces

  12. Lesson 13.2- The Human Face of Warpages 460-465 Vocabulary camp home front civilian home front the civilian population or the civilian activities of a country at war

  13. Lesson 13.2- The Human Face of Warpages 460-465 Vocabulary camp home front civilian camp a place where tents are set up, especially for soldiers or travelers

  14. Lesson 13.2- The Human Face of Warpages 460-465 • What did soldiers do to fight boredom of camp life? • They read, sang, or wrote letters. Some put on shows or printed newspapers • What are some countries that immigrants who joined the Union army came from? • Germany, Ireland, & Italy

  15. Lesson 13.2- The Human Face of Warpages 460-465 • What made the Civil War so deadly? • Rifles could shoot farther & more accurately than ever, and disease killed twice as many soldiers as fighting did • What tasks did women take on during the Civil War? • Ran farms & businesses, Sewed uniforms, knitted socks, made bandages, raised money, Served as nurses

  16. Lesson 13.2- The Human Face of Warpages 460-465 • What effect did inflation have in the South? • Confederate money became almost worthless, making items very expensive • Why is June 19 a day of celebration in Texas and other parts of the South? • News of the Emancipation Proclamation reached Texas on June 19, 1865

  17. Civil War & Reconstruction 5th Grade Social Studies Chapter 13 Lesson 3 The War Ends

  18. Lesson 13.3- The War Endsp. 466-471 Vocabulary total war telegraph total war desert a method of warfare where anything connected to an enemy’s resources is destroyed

  19. Lesson 13.3- The War Endsp. 466-471 Vocabulary telegraph telegraph total war desert a communications system that uses electric impulses to send messages by wire

  20. Lesson 13.3- The War Endsp. 466-471 Vocabulary desert telegraph total war desert to leave, abandon, or withdraw, especially from an army

  21. Lesson 13.3- The War Endsp. 466-471 • What was General Grant’s plan to end the war? • Defeat Lee’s soldiers and capture Richmond, while Sherman’s army attacked Atlanta • What happened during Sherman’s March to the Sea? • Sherman’s army marched through Georgia from Atlanta to Savannah, destroying everything in their path

  22. Lesson 13.3- The War Endsp. 466-471 • Why was Robert E. Lee a respected general? • He had defeated larger armies • What advantage did Grant’s army have over Lee’s at Richmond? • Grant’s army received more food, supplies & soldiers. Lee’s army was running out of resources quickly

  23. Lesson 13.3- The War Endsp. 466-471 • What happened at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865? • Lee surrendered to Grant, ending the war

  24. Civil War & Reconstruction 5th Grade Social Studies Chapter 13 Lesson 4 Reconstruction

  25. Lesson 13.4- Reconstructionp. 472-479 Vocabulary Reconstruction Reconstruction assassination Freedman’s Bureau impeach the period following the Civil War during which Confederate states rejoined the Union

  26. Lesson 13.4- Reconstructionp. 472-479 Vocabulary Freedman’s Bureau Reconstruction assassination Freedman’s Bureau impeach a federal agency formed to aid & protect former slaves in the South after the Civil War

  27. Lesson 13.4- Reconstructionp. 472-479 Vocabulary assassination Reconstruction assassination Freedman’s Bureau impeach the murder of a public figure by surprise attack, usually for political reasons

  28. Lesson 13.4- Reconstructionp. 472-479 Vocabulary impeach Reconstruction assassination Freedman’s Bureau impeach to formally charge a public official with misconduct in office

  29. Lesson 13.4- Reconstructionp. 472-479 • What made Reconstruction a huge challenge for Americans? • The South needed to be reunited with the nation, not everyone agreed how to do this • What were President Lincoln’s plans for Reconstruction? • Let the southern states form new state governments and rejoin the Union quickly

  30. Lesson 13.4- Reconstructionp. 472-479 • Why did John Wilkes Booth assassinate President Lincoln? • He supported the Confederacy & was angry about the South’s defeat • What were the Black Codes? • Laws passed by southern states to limit the rights of former slaves

  31. Lesson 13.4- Reconstructionp. 472-479 • What was the purpose of the Freedman’s Bureau? • Provide food, clothing, medical care, legal advice, set up hospital & schools for African Americans in the South • What did Congress try to do after taking over Reconstruction? • They impeached President Johnson, but did not remove him from office

  32. Lesson 13.4- Reconstructionp. 472-479 • Who were the “carpetbaggers?” • People from the North who went South to make money during Reconstruction • What was the purpose of the 13th Amendment? • It abolished slavery in the United States

  33. Lesson 13.4- Reconstructionp. 472-479 • In what ways did the 14th & 15th Amendments protect the rights of African Americans? • 14th-Gave them citizenship; 15th-Gave them the right to vote • What did many African Americans do after winning the right to vote? • Took part in government, ran for office, became government leaders