Download
latin american revolutions n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Latin American Revolutions PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Latin American Revolutions

Latin American Revolutions

225 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Latin American Revolutions

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Latin American Revolutions

  2. Revolution in Latin America • When Napoleon deposed the king of Spain during the Peninsular War, liberal Creoles (colonists born in Spanish America) seized control of many colonies in America. • When the CoV restored the king to the Spanish throne, royalist peninsulares (colonists born in Spain) tried to regain control of these colonial governments

  3. In response, the Spanish king took steps to tighten control over the American colonies • This action angered the Mexicans, who rose in revolt and successfully threw off Spain’s control. • Other Spanish colonies in Latin America also claimed independence. At about the same time, Brazil declared independence from Portugal.

  4. Nationalism: A Force for Unity or Disunity? In the 1800s

  5. What is nationalism? • The belief that people’s greatest loyalty should not be to a king or an empire, but to a nation of people who share a common culture and history

  6. What is a nation-state? • An independent geopolitical unit of people having a common culture and identity • A nation-state has its own government • A nation-state defends the nation’s territory and way of life and it represents the nation to the rest of the world.

  7. 6 bonds that create a NS • 1) Culture • A shared way of life (food, dress, behavior, ideals) • 2) History • A common past; common experience • 3) Language • Different dialects of one language; one dialect becomes “national language”

  8. 4) Territory • A certain territory that belongs to the ethnic group; its “land” • 5) Nationality • Belief in common ethnic ancestry that may or may not be true • 6) Religion • A religion shared by all or most of the people

  9. EXERCISE • For each bond, give examples of how each are represented in the United States.

  10. Types of Nationalist Movements

  11. HONORS - Examples throughout history

  12. HONORS - Ex: Impact of Nationalism • Between 1950-1980, 47 African countries overthrew colonial rulers and became independent nations • In the 1990s, the republics of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia and Macedonia broke away from Yugoslavia • In 2003, Yugoslavia changed its name to Serbia and Montenegro • Europe has about 47 countries (some of those lie partially in Europe and Asia). About 50 languages are spoken in the region • In most of Latin America, Spanish or Portuguese is the official language.

  13. Questions: • 1) What types of nationalist movements can evolve in lands with culturally distinct groups? • 2) What must be present for state-building to take place? • 3) How is New West an example of all three movements?