Group Element MSD (Musculoskeletal Disorders) Hand out the MSD CD’s
Define MSD • Musculoskeletal Disorders are injuries and disorders of muscles, nerves, tendons, ligaments, cartilage and bones resulting mainly from exposure to force, posture and repetition. • MSD can be the result of a one time event (eg strain) or develop over time.
3 Major factors of MSD’s • High Force (eg excessive gripping) • High Frequency (repetition) • Awkward or Static Posture (reaching, bending)
Examples of MSD’s • Carpal tunnel syndrome (repetitive strain) • Tendonitis (repetitive strain) • Low Back Strain (improper or over lifting) • Neck Strain (poor posture, work station setup) • Rotator Cuff Syndrome (repetitive motion) • Tennis Elbow (repetitive motion) • Flat Feet (Concrete floors, poor foot support)
Different grouping within MSD • RSI’s- Repetitive strain injuries • RMI’s- Repetitive motion injuries • CTD’s- Cumulative trauma disorders • OOS – Occupational overuse syndrome • Soft tissue disorder • Sprains and strains
Example of Possible Plant MSD Triggers • Assembly Line Work (without job rotation) • Hard Surfaces • Poor Footwear • Heavy Hand Tools • Job Position (arms over head, bent over) • Excessive Force Required (continually)
Why has MSD been chosen as the group element? • Over 40 % of all WSIB claims are MSD • Average MSD claim cost is $9,200.00 • Estimated cost to a company: $27,600.00 per injury • Question to ask your upper management • How much in gross sales would you need to sell to make $27,600.00 in profit • To pay for 1 MSD injury
MOL and WSIB • Because of the costs and the overall number of claims associated to MSD’s, the MOL and WSIB are spending a lot of time money training inspectors and specialist to recognize and help reduce MSD’s
Ontario Employer Costs • Between 1996 -2004 WSIB approved more than 382,000 MSD lost time claims • Between 1996 -2004 Ontario’s employers paid more than $12 Billion in direct (injured employee costs) and indirect (overtime, admin) costs related to MSD’s
The affects outside work • MSD’s are not just a workplace injury • With home computers, video games, sports and other repetitive actives which we perform at home, MSD’s can develop from daily functions at home or at work or a combination of the two. • So, applying the same solutions to your home environment as we do (or plan to do) at work, we can reduce the events which may lead to MSD’s
Work Vs Home • MSD’s can be caused by activities we do at home • MSD’s can be caused by activities we do at work • MSD’s can be a combination of both • If it can be proven, at minimal, that a present MSD is aggravated by work functions, it becomes a work related injury. • Thus the huge cost associated with MSD claims
MSD’s and Quality of Life • MSD’s for a large percentage are nagging discomforts which may limit certain daily activities. • MSD’s are not visible injuries, which are difficult to diagnose and often raise suspicions (warranted or not), as to the severity of the injury, by employers and co- workers, which in return can cause workplace tension. • Extreme MSD’s require surgery, which is in most cases performed to relieve some of the pain, but in not all. • But in all cases MSD’s restrict movements, length of time of an activity and cause discomfort, pain, which can reduce your quality of life.
Return to Work Program • If your company has not completed the Return to Work Policy / Program element, you have just been given a second group element which must be completed as a WSIB mandate. • WHY? • 2008 Safety Group WSIB plans on breaking down the RTW program into separate elements (modified work, job specific physical demands)
Breaking down the MSD Element • Elements which directly impact MSD’s • Job Safety Analysis (breakdown of the safety hazards for each specific job task within the workplace) • Ergonomics (plant and office) • PPE / Dress Code (boots, anti-vibration gloves) • Job rotation • Job Specific Tools
MSD Policy • Creating an MSD policy sounds like an enormous task, but you must remember that a policy and procedure are two different things. • A policy states your criteria, your boundaries, and your intentions. • Whereas a procedure or procedures are the means to achieve your policy.
MSD Policy • Like confined space, the starting point for a MSD Policy could be: We QRS Inc. will conduct an assessment to determine high MSD risk job tasks. • Why? • How do you validate one job from another as to MSD risk, unless there is assessment criteria and documentation. • An excellent tool if already completed for a MSD assessment, is Job Position Physical Demand Analysis • Once assessed we will target the high risk jobs, blah, blah, blah
Watch the Video • What in the video could cause an MSD? • Video Test
Presentation End • Questions? • Comments? • Concerns? • www.freewebs.com/fitz11