Holding • Definition • 5 types of holding • When to call or pass on holding
Definition • No definition under Rule 2. • See Section 3 Blocking : : Article 1 and Article 2
Blocking Defined • Article 1:Blocking is obstructing an opponent by contacting him with any part of the blocker’s body. • Article 2:In blocking, a player may contact opponents with the arms or hands provided the technique is legal. The legal techniques are as follows:
Blocking Defined • Article 2: • a. Closed or cupped hand technique. • 1. The elbows may be inside or outside the shoulders. • 2. The hands must be closed or cupped with the palms not facing the opponent. • 3. The forearms are extended no more than 45 degrees from the body.
Blocking Defined • Article 2: • b. Open hand technique. The hand(s) shall be • 1. In advance of the elbow. • 2. Inside the frame of the blocker’s body; the frame of the blocker’s body is the front of the body at or below the shoulders. • 3. Inside the frame of the opponent’s body, except when the opponent turns his back to the blocker during the block or after the blocker is committed to his charge. The frame of the opponent’s body is at the shoulders or below other than the back.
Blocking Defined • Article 2: • b. Open hand technique. The hand(s) shall be • 4. At or below the shoulders of the blocker and the opponent, except when the opponent squats, ducks or submarines during the block or after the blocker is committed to his charge. • 5. Open, when the palm(s) are facing the frame of the opponent or when the forearms are extended beyond the 45 degree angle from the body.
Why is blocking definition important RULE 9 : : SECTION 2 : : ARTICLE 1 ILLEGAL USE OF HAND AND HOLDING • An offensive player (except the runner) shall not: • Use a blocking technique which is not permissible by rule (see 2-3-2, 3) • Grasp or encircle any teammate to form interlocked blocking • Use his hands arms or legs to hook, lock, clamp, grasp, encircle or hold in an effort to restrain an opponent
Holding Definition • Simply put: • A player cannot use hands or arms to grasp, hook, pull or encircle in any way that illegally impedes or illegally obstructs and opponent. (Applies to both offense and defense.)
Five types of holding • Grab & Turn • Grab & Restrict • Hook & Restrict • Jerk & Restrict • Pull Down, Take Down, Tackle • Note: Keys usually disappear after the first potential foul is over. Then area coverageWatch lead action
What are we looking For? • Engagement • Location of hands • Outside of opponents’ shoulders • Inside and grasping jersey • Grabbing low around waist or tackling the legs
What are we looking for? • Disengagement most important part of determining legal/illegal block • Keys to an illegal block • Attacker pursuit changes but blocker doesn’t let go • Opponent is being controlled with grab outside of the frame • Blocker pulls opponent over on him to appear as if he is being overpowered • A foot or leg is grasped or encircled preventing disengagement • Defense executes a “Swim” move and offense won’t let go causing a twist, turn and take down
What are we looking For? • Quick check list • Shoulder dip? • Body twists? • Jersey stretch? • Leg, arm, waist hooked?
Call or Pass on Holding • Note 1 • If there is a potential for offensive holding and the opponent being blocked is tackling the runner behind the line of scrimmage, at or near the spot of the potential hold, offensive holding will not be called, as the holding has not had an effect on the play. • Note 2 • If there is a potential for offensive holding and at that time, the runner is being tackled by another defensive player behind the line of scrimmage; ofensive holding will not be called, as the holding has not had an effect on the play
Call or Pass on Holding • Note 3 • If there is a potential for offensive holding when there is no LOS (i.e. punt return or kickoff return), offensive holding will not be called if the player who is being held is involved in making the tackle at or near the spot of the potential hod, or it the potential for holding occurs at the time the runner is being tackled by another defensive player, as the holding has not had an effect on the play. • Note 4 • If there is a potential for offensive holding but the action clearly occurs after the pass has been thrown to a downfield receiver, offensive holding will not be called as the holding has not had an effect on the play.
Call or Pass on Holding • Note 5 • If there is a potential for offensive holding but the acton occurs away from the point of attack, and has no effect on the play, offensive holding will not be called. • Note 6 • If there is a potential for offensive holding as part of a double-team block in close line play, offensive holding will not be called unless the opponent is pulled to the ground by one of the blockers.
Call or Pass on Holding • Note 7 • During a defensive charge, if a defensive player uses a rip technique that puts an offensive player in a position that would normally be called holding; offensive holding will not be called unless the defender’s feet are taken away from him by the offensive player’s actions.
Call or Pass on Holding • Disengagement is the significant part of the block • See the Entire Play • Wait to throw your flag! • Make It Be There • Get The Big Ones