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HOLDING PowerPoint Presentation

HOLDING

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HOLDING

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  1. HOLDING

  2. Terminal Learning Objective: Identify the various elements of holding procedures to include the ATC clearance, required pilot radio calls, the component parts, and orientation in the holding pattern, as well as the magnetic heading of the three holding pattern areas and entry required.

  3. Holding The procedure used to delay an aircraft at a definite position and assigned altitude

  4. Enroute Holding Terminal Holding Holding Situations Holding in Lieu of Procedure Turn Missed Approach Holding

  5. ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE A ACTION: Identify the elements of an ATC holding clearance. CONDITION: Given an ATC holding clearance. STANDARD: IAW FM 3-04.240, DOD FLIP

  6. Types of Holding Clearances DETAILED ABBREVIATED

  7. expect further clearance at 14:15.” DETAILED HOLDING CLEARANCE * Aircraft ID * Direction from holding fix or NAVAID * Name of holding fix or NAVAID * Holding radial, bearing or airway * Direction of turn (if non-standard) * Expect further clearance time “Army 12345 hold East of the Eufaula VORTAC (left turns) on the 090 radial,

  8. ABBREVIATED CLEARANCE • AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION • DIRECTION FROM HOLDING FIX OR NAVAID • EXPECT FURTHER CLEARANCE TIME (EFC) “ARMY 12345 HOLD SOUTHEAST OF THE BANBI INTERSECTION ON V-7 AS PUBLISHED. EXPECT FURTHER CLEARANCE AT 14:00.”

  9. ALWAYS GET AN EXPECTED FURTHER CLEARANCE (EFC) TIME

  10. ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE B ACTION: Determine pilot radio calls required for holding. CONDITION: In a radar or non radar situation. STANDARD: IAW FM 3-04.240, FIH

  11. Holding Commo Requirements Open Your Flight Information Handbook to section B, page B-6. Radar vs Non-Radar Exception

  12. ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE C ACTION: Identify the type, component parts, and orientation of the holding pattern. CONDITION: Given an ATC holding clearance. STANDARD: IAW FM 3-04.240, GP, AIM

  13. OUTBOUND END ABEAM OUTBOUND HOLDING FIX EUFAULA 109.2 EUF INBOUND HOLDING COURSE Parts of a Holding Pattern HOLDING SIDE FIX END RECIPROCAL COURSE NON-HOLDING SIDE

  14. 22 ½° DEGREE RULE NORTH From 360° radial To 022° radial To 338° radial

  15. From 248° radial To 292° radial From 158° radial To 202° radial From 068° radial From 158° radial From 248° radial From 068° radial To 112° radial To 112° radial To 202° radial To 292° radial 22 ½° DEGREE RULE SOUTH OTHER SECTORS EAST WEST

  16. ARMY 12345 EUFAULA 109.2 EUF HOLD EAST Refer to #1 of your Holding Entry Handout Of the Eufaula VOR On the 090 radial Expect Further Clearance at 1415.

  17. ARMY 12345 EUFAULA 109.2 EUF HOLD EAST Of the Eufaula VOR (NON-STANDARD HOLDING) On the 090 radial LEFT TURNS Expect Further Clearance at 14:15

  18. ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE D ACTION: Define by magnetic heading the three standard holding pattern entry procedures. CONDITION: Given an ATC holding clearance. STANDARD: IAW FM 3-04.240, DOD FLIP

  19. 70 DEGREES EUFAULA 109.2 EUF HOLDING PATTERN ENTRY DIAGRAM PARALLEL ENTRY DIRECT ENTRY TEARDROPENTRY

  20. HOLDING PATTERN ENTRY DIAGRAM EUFAULA 109.2 EUF Army 12345, Hold Southeast of the Eufaula VOR On the 130 radial. Expect further clearance at 45. 310 060 PARALLEL ENTRY TEARDROP ENTRY 240 DIRECT ENTRY 130 Refer to #2 on your Holding Entry Handout

  21. EUFAULA 109.2 EUF HOLDING PATTERN ENTRY DIAGRAM 050° Army 12345, Hold Southwest of the Eufaula VOR 340° On the 230 radial. Expect further clearance at 1445. 050° inbound 160° 230° Radial Refer to #3 on your holding Entry Handout

  22. Holding Pattern Entries

  23. HOLDING ON THE 090 RADIAL EUFAULA 109.2 EUF 020° 270° DIRECT ENTRY 200°

  24. HOLDING ON THE 090 RADIAL EUFAULA 109.2 EUF 020° 270° DIRECT ENTRY 200°

  25. HOLDING ON THE 090 RADIAL 020° PARALLEL ENTRY OPTIONAL 270° EUFAULA 109.2 ---- 200°

  26. EUFAULA 109.2 EUF TEARDROP ENTRY 020° 270° 200°

  27. 090º Radial RMI indications in the holding pattern. Holding on the 180º Radial

  28. Review

  29. Army 12345 hold northwest of the Alpha VOR on the 325 radial. Expect further clearance at 1445. 325 radial ALPHA 109.2 ALF 145° 075° 1. Determine inbound holding course. 255° 145° 2. Determine holding pattern position. 3. Draw 70° line 4. Extend 70° line 5. Extend inbound holding course line

  30. Army 12345 hold north of the Alpha VOR on the 355 radial, left turns. Expect further clearance at 14:45. 355 radial ALPHA 109.2 ALF 175° 065° 1. Determine inbound holding course. 2. Determine holding pattern position. 3. Draw 70° line 245° 4. Extend 70° line 5. Extend inbound holding course line 175°

  31. Army 12345 hold northeast of the Alpha VOR on the 055 radial. Expect further clearance at 1445. ALPHA 109.2 ALF 345° 055 1. Determine inbound holding course. 235 2. Determine holding pattern position. 3. Draw 70° line 4. Extend 70° line 235° 5. Extend inbound holding course line 165°

  32. QUESTIONS?

  33. USING RMI TO DETERMINE ENTRY Find the heading 20 degrees UP from the 90 degree point. Direct Entry Sector Draw an imaginary line to a point on the opposite side of the compass card DOWN 20 degrees from the 90 degree point. Parallel Entry Sector Teardrop Entry Sector Now draw an imaginary line from the center of the RMI to the heading index.

  34. PARALLEL ENTRY Army 12345 hold eastof the Eufaula VOR on the 100 radial. Expect further clearance at 45.

  35. EUFAULA 109.2 EUF

  36. TEARDROP ENTRY Army 12345 hold Southof the Eufaula VOR on the 175 radial. Expect further clearance at 45.

  37. Army 12345 hold Southof the Eufaula VOR on the 175 radial. Expect further clearance at 45. EUFAULA 109.2 EUF

  38. DIRECT ENTRY Army 12345 hold Northeastof the Eufaula VOR on the 040 radial. Expect further clearance at 45.

  39. Army 12345 hold Northeastof the Eufaula VOR on the 040 radial. Expect further clearance at 45. EUFAULA 109.2 EUF

  40. USING RMI TO DETERMINE ENTRY for NON-STANDARD HOLDING Find the heading 20 degrees UP from the 270 degree point. Draw an imaginary line to a point on the opposite side of the compass card DOWN 20 degrees from the 90 degree point. TEARDROP SECTOR PARALLEL SECTOR Now draw an imaginary line from the center of the RMI to the heading index. DIRECT ENTRY SECTOR

  41. Using HSI to Determine Holding Entry

  42. EUFAULA 109.2 EUF HSI in the Holding Pattern

  43. QUESTIONS ???

  44. ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE E ACTION: Apply holding pattern standard procedures. CONDITION: Given a holding clearance, airspeed and any special instructions which may apply. STANDARDS: IAW FM 3-04.240

  45. AIRSPEEDS / Maximum 100 KIAS COPTER IAP’s 200 KIAS 0 – 6,000 ft MSL 230 KIAS 6,001-14,000 ft MSL 175 KIAS at certain restricted holding patterns (approaches)

  46. STANDARD RATE 3°/second MAXIMUM BANK ANGLE 30° TURNS IN HOLDING

  47. TIMING INITIAL ENTRY – One minute outbound and begins over the fix or abeam whichever occurs last. INBOUND - Achieve as close as possible to one minute. ADJUST – All adjustments made on outbound leg.

  48. DETERMINE ABEAM POINT (NAVAID) HSI VOR – TO/FROM indicator changes. VOR – Rotate selected course pointer 90° from the holding course; the deviation bar will center when abeam the VOR. RMI ADF/VOR – When single or double bar pointer indicates 90° from the holding course.

  49. H LDING INTERSECTION EUFAULA WIREGRASS 109.2 EUF 111.60 RRS

  50. Holding Instructions “Army 12345, Hold South of the Chirp Intersection on V168. Expect Further Clearance at 16:45.”