2nd Declension Nouns Chapter 4
All six noun cases • Nominative Subject The/A _____ • Genitive Possession Of _____ or _____’s • Dative Indirect Object To/For _____ • Accusative Direct Object The/A _____ • Ablative Preposition By/With/From _____ • Vocative Direct Address Oh _____!
Dictionary Form of nouns • 1st Principle Part: Nominative, Singular (-us, -er, -um) • Amīcus,Amīcī, M • Puer, Puerī, M • Verbum, Verbī, N • 2nd Principle Part: Genitive Singular (-ī) • Amīcus,Amīcī, M • Puer,Puerī, M • Verbum,Verbī, N • Gender (Mostly Masculine, Some Neuter)
Find the base • Step 1: Look at the 2nd Principle Part. • Step 2: Take off the Genitive Singular Ending (-ī). • EXAMPLE: • Amīcus,Amīcī,M Amīc- • Puer,Puerī,M Puer- • Verbum,Verbī,N Verb-
Add the endings • Each of the six cases have their own endings that you attach to the base.
Special Notes • Neuter nominatives and accusatives are always the same. • Contraction: • With certain –er masculine nouns, the base will contract (the nominative singular has an –e, but the base does not). • You need to pay attention to the 2nd principle part to see if the base contracts. • EXAMPLE: • Ager Agr- CONTRACTS • Puer Puer- DOESN’T CONTRACT