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2 nd declension nouns n.
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2 nd Declension Nouns

2 nd Declension Nouns

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2 nd Declension Nouns

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  1. 2nd Declension Nouns Chapter 4

  2. All six noun cases • Nominative Subject The/A _____ • Genitive Possession Of _____ or _____’s • Dative Indirect Object To/For _____ • Accusative Direct Object The/A _____ • Ablative Preposition By/With/From _____ • Vocative Direct Address Oh _____!

  3. Dictionary Form of nouns • 1st Principle Part: Nominative, Singular (-us, -er, -um) • Amīcus,Amīcī, M • Puer, Puerī, M • Verbum, Verbī, N • 2nd Principle Part: Genitive Singular (-ī) • Amīcus,Amīcī, M • Puer,Puerī, M • Verbum,Verbī, N • Gender (Mostly Masculine, Some Neuter)

  4. Find the base • Step 1: Look at the 2nd Principle Part. • Step 2: Take off the Genitive Singular Ending (-ī). • EXAMPLE: • Amīcus,Amīcī,M  Amīc- • Puer,Puerī,M  Puer- • Verbum,Verbī,N  Verb-

  5. Add the endings • Each of the six cases have their own endings that you attach to the base.

  6. Special Notes • Neuter nominatives and accusatives are always the same. • Contraction: • With certain –er masculine nouns, the base will contract (the nominative singular has an –e, but the base does not). • You need to pay attention to the 2nd principle part to see if the base contracts. • EXAMPLE: • Ager  Agr- CONTRACTS • Puer  Puer- DOESN’T CONTRACT

  7. Ager, Agrī, M - Field

  8. Oppidum, Oppidī, M - Town