Argument Why efficient strategy in relation to mass media is very important to curb terrorism?
Outline • Media – what is it like? • Relations: media - terrorists, media - Government and how media see its role • Comments on the resolution of the Conference “Terrorism and mass media” , Fillipins, May 2002 • Liberal democratic state facing restriction of press. US help to support free press in developing (and former-Soviet Union) countries. • Efficient strategy in relation to mass media
Media – what is it like? • Media itself is not monolithic:local, national, international, multi-cultural kinds of media • There are different ways to portray information: print, broadcast, electronic media • Approaches: telling stories, adopting an observer’s perspective, attempts to persuade, etc. • New trends: the use of bulletins, live coverage, witnesses, officials • Two independent sources are necessary
Another risks of everyday life that Americans come across in comparison with terrorism
Relationship: media-terrorists • T. act on prejudice and take reprisals on other innocent • T. target the media • T. attract media attention to provide conduit • T. are interested in publicity • T. Using open recourses (Internet) • T. want respect and legitimacy • T. want to spread fear and anxiety (psychological effect)
Relationship: media-Government • G. want Public understanding, cooperation and loyalty • A matter of trust: 31% against 26% (17% last year) • Jean Duffey: “ media was supportive to a legitimate whistle-blower but not these days…federal Government controls the press” • G. want to dictate how the terrorists are seen by the public • G. want to keep people calm • G. want to know what media knows
How the media considers its role? • M. wants an unlimited access to information • M. wants freedom to publish any information • M. wants to cover events in a professional manner • Press watchdog RSF blame the “war on terror” • The matter of responsibility • How far do we go in protecting free speech and free press?
Comments on the resolution of the Conference “Terrorism and mass media” , Fillipins, May 2002 • media must highlight terrorist events • journalists can make inquiries • they have a right to inform about the conflict • they have a maximum access to the terrirory of the conflict itself • some methords for expanding the opportunities of the press should be acepted • states that are taking part (and states not taking part) in the conflict must respect the rights of journalists
Dennis Pluchinsky: Our (U.S.) media has committed a treason by publishing information about our security vulnerabilities… Vladimir Putin: It’s important to find a balance between restrictions and providing full information to society… For or against restricting the press?
Liberal democratic state facing restriction of press. US programs to support free press in developing countries • Freedom of press is critical to the survival of democracy • Yet, all states recognize the abridgement of free speech in order to protect national security or at times of war • US help developing (and former-Soviet Union) countries to protect the freedom of press
Efficient strategy in relation to mass media • The main stages of the strategy: Vietnam, the war in the Persian Gulf, Kosovo • An efficient and opened strategy in relation to Mass Media • “Complete eradication of terrorism seemed impossible. However, it can be minimized with positive role of media by creating awareness about this menace in all the segment of society”,- said Additional Inspector General of Larcana police, Hussein Haider