Map Russian Expansion 1815-1914(page 618) • Geo-Politics & Geo-Economics • How far is it from St. Petersburg to Vladivostok? • How would the size & distances in Russia make Government difficult? • What relationship is there between Russian ports & access to the seas? • Why would ports on the Barents Sea & Arctic Ocean not be practical?
s Czar Nicholas I
Feodor Dostoevsky Leo Tolstoy
Marxist socialism starts to spread (1890s) Vladimir Ilyich Lenin – make Marxism fit Russia working class unrest in cities Revolution of 1905 imperialist expansion into 20th century pan-Slavic movement Middle East, Central Asia, China Russo-Japanese war 1904-1905 loss creates unrest in Russia
urban workers & peasants unite Duma created – national parliament peasant reforms Tsar withdraws reforms & new rights Eastern Europe influenced by Russia abolish serfdom industrialization minimal agricultural exporters
Cultural novelists Dostoevsky Tolstoy music Tchaikovsky Chopin (Polish) Lizt (Hungarian) science Mendel (Czech) – genetics Pavlov - physiology