LOUIS XIV SUN KING
LOUIS POWER • Best practice of an Absolute monarch • French diplomacy and political structure dominated Europe
Statement: Everyone in his kingdom was cultured • What does this mean?
ONLY A MERE BOY • Child when ascended to the throne (4 years) • Cardinal Richelieu: Chief Minister to King Louis XIII (His father) • Cardinal Mazarin: Chief Minister to King Louis XIV • Took care of anyone in opposition to the monarchy
Read Louis’s Speech: Top of 225 Louis Comes to power @ age 23
SOURCE OF ALL LIGHT • He claimed himself to be like the Sun • What is the significance of this term?
Government and Religion Three purposes of Government • Personal household • Chief offices were located there • Place of Favors and King’s power
Lower levels: King Bribes • Louis had complete Power, but local tradition and power held on tight and therefore used the King. • Why would he allow this if he was “Absolute Ruler”?
Religion • He destroyed the Huguenots(French Protestants) and wanted conversion of them to Catholicism • Many fled to England, German States, and United Provinces
Economy and War • Spent a lot of money on palaces, court, and wars • Colbert (Personal Financer) helped control the spending • Colbert’s idea of Mercantilism: Decrease imports and increase exports
WAR • Why would Louis rage wars between 1667-1713?
Legacy • Died in 1715 • Used all Characteristics of an Absolute Monarch • Achieved, yet failed as a leader (enemies, debt, leaving throne to a five year old)
Quote: Louis XIV on his death bed. • “ Soon you will be King of a great kingdom…..Try to remain at peace with your neighbors. I loved war too much. Do not follow me in that or in overspending….Lighten your people’s burden as soon as possible, and do what I have the misfortune not to do myself. • King Louis XIV: 1715 to his great grandson.