Alliteration • The repetition of initial consonant sounds • So the first consonant repeats in each line • i.e. terrible truths and little leprechauns like long limousines
Metaphor • A comparison between two objects giving meaning to one of them. Often forms of the "to be" verb are used, such as "is" or "was", to make the comparison. • Example: • The boy was a helpless bird waiting for its mother.
Simile • A comparison between two objects using a specific word or comparison such as 'like', 'as', or 'than'. • We watched the ghostly dancers spin To sound of horn and violin, Like black leaves wheeling in the wind. • Like wire-pulled automatons, Slim silhouetted skeletons Went sidling through the slow quadrille. • (by: Oscar Wilde)
Simile cont . • Beezo shot the basketball like a wounded duck.
Assonance • The repetition of vowel sounds. • Resemblance or similarity in sound between vowels followed by different consonants in two or more stressed syllables. Assonance differs from RHYME in that RHYME is a similarity of vowel and consonant. "Lake" and "fake" demonstrate RHYME; "lake" and "fate" assonance • Example: • Elaine waited in plain train
Onomatopoeia • The use of words which imitate sound. • Example: • He crashed into the car as he heard the screech of the wheels • The gun boomed as the shots were fired. The bullets whizzed past the bystanders.
Imagery • Words or phrases that use the senses or a combination of senses. • i.e. He could almost taste his fear as he smelt the fright of the bolting horse.
PERSONIFICATION • Personification is giving human qualities to animals or objects. • Example:a smiling moon, a jovial sun, • The old wooden floor groaned with displeasure as we walked across it
Hyperbole • Hyperbole is exaggeration or overstatement • I was so hungry I could eat a horse. • He was as big as a house.
Rhythm • In poetry, rhythm, broadly speaking, is a recognizable pulse, or "recurrence," which gives a distinct beat to a line and also gives it a shape. • One, two,Buckle my shoe.Three, four,Shut the door