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Social psychology

Social psychology

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Social psychology

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  1. Social psychology Module 78 - Aggression

  2. Aggression • Aggression • Any action, verbal or physical, meant to hurt others • Instrumental Aggression • Aim is not to harm the victim, but to achieve a goal or protect oneself • Hostile Aggression • Intended to cause damage to a victim • Professional Boxing vs. Street Fight

  3. Frustration-aggression hypothesis Stress results from being blocked from reaching a goal produces aggression

  4. Social Psychology Module 79 - Attraction

  5. Attraction Key Factors to the likelihood of Attraction: • Proximity • Mere exposure effect • Similarities • Attitudes and physical attractiveness • Reciprocity • Individuals are more likely to be attracted to someone who is attracted to them • Physical Attractiveness

  6. Attraction • Matching Hypothesis • Individuals pair up with those who are similar to themselves in terms of their physical attractiveness • Halo Effect • Tendency of positive evaluations on one characteristic lead to positive ratings on other characteristics

  7. Sternberg’sTriangular Theory of Love • 3 Main Components of Love • Passion (physical attraction) • Intimacy (closeness) • Commitment ( decisions to remain together) • 3 Types of Love • Companionate love – intimacy and commitment • Passionate love – intimacy and passion • Consummate love – passion, intimacy, and commitment

  8. Social Psychology Module 80 Friends

  9. Helping Behaviors • Helping Behaviors • Acted intended to benefit another person • Motivation – egoistic or altruistic • Altruism • An unselfish interest in helping others

  10. Decisions to take responsibility • Bystander Effect • People are less likely to provide needed help when there are others present in an emergency situation • video • Diffusion of Responsibility • Belief of each individual in a crowd that they do not need to help because somebody else will take action

  11. Factors that increase likelihood of Altruistic Behavior • Social Exchange Theory • One balances the costs and rewards of helping • More likely to assist others if the potential for reward is high and potential costs are low • Reciprocity norms • People help others because they expect others would help if they needed it or because they have been helped in the past • Time pressure

  12. Social Dilemmas • Cooperation vs. Competition • Conflict • Social Dilemmas • Situations in which individuals must choose whether to cooperate or compete with others • Prisoner’s Dilemma • Dilbert