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The Cultural Geography of South Asia

The Cultural Geography of South Asia

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The Cultural Geography of South Asia

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  1. The Cultural Geography of South Asia Mr. Marston Dominion Christian High School Geography 2009

  2. Human Characteristics • 1/5 of earth’s population lives in South Asia (1.4 Billion people) • Diverse: Religious, Cultural, Social, linguistic

  3. India’s Population • A. Descendants of Dravidians • B. Aryans: invaders from Central Asia • C. Descendants of British and Portuguese colonists • D. Refugees from Tibet and Sri Lanka

  4. India’s Religions • Hinduism Jati: a group that defines one’s occupation and social position • Islam • Buddhism • Sikhs • Jainism • Christianity

  5. Pakistan and Bangladesh • Islamic heritage • 90% are practicing Muslims • Culturally diverse in Pakistan • Culturally monolithic in Bangladesh (Bengali)

  6. Sri Lanka • Sinhalese: Buddhist majority and control the government • Tamils: Hindus. • Over 100,000 Sri Lankans have died since 1984 and one million people displaced from their homes

  7. SriLankan civil war

  8. Bhutan and Nepal • Ancestors from Mongolia • Bhutan: Bhote and Tibetan ancestry • Nepal: famous ethnic group is the Sherpas.

  9. bhutan and Nepal

  10. Population Density and Distribution • 814 per sq. mile: 7 times the world’s average • South Asia will double its current population by 2050.

  11. Regional Variation • Climate, vegetation, and physical features have an impact on the number of people the land can support • Population decreases as the elevation increases. • Most people live in the Ganges Plain and along the Indian coast

  12. Living • People live where their food supply can be grown (Rice) • Live near jobs: tea and rubber plantations

  13. Bangladesh • Second most densely populated country in South Asia • Has difficulty feeding its population • Very poor

  14. Urban and Rural Life • Most South Asians live in the country • They farm, live in villages, and are subsistence farmers • South Asia is home to nomadic or semi-nomadic groups.

  15. Growing Urbanization • Over time, more people have moved to cities in hopes of better jobs and higher wages. • People strain the public resources and facilities (schools and hospitals) • Problems: Housing, Overcrowding, Pollution

  16. South Asia’s cities • Mumbai (Bombay) 18.1 million people • Kolkata (Calcutta): center of India’s iron and steel industries • Delhi: • Dhaka, Bangladesh: world’s second most densely populated urban area. • Karachi, Pakistan • Megapolis: chain of closely linked metropolitan areas.