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Geography of South Asia

Geography of South Asia

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Geography of South Asia

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  1. Geography of South Asia

  2. South Asia • 1.6 billion people • One of the most densely populated regions on Earth • India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Nepal • India makes up a majority of the land in South Asia • Subcontinent:Large landmass that is smaller than a continent

  3. Mountain Ranges • Himalaya Mountains: 1,500-mile-long range of mountains; Highest on earth • Create a massive wall that separates the Indian subcontinent from the interior of Asia • Hindu Kush Mountains: In Afghanistan and Pakistan • Eastern and Western Ghats: Low-lying mountain ranges around the Deccan Plateau in India A view of the Himalayas from Kathmandu, India. Himalaya is a Sanskrit word that literally means "abode of snow."

  4. Now, find the Hindu Kush and the Himalayas!

  5. Other Landforms • Indo-Gangetic Plain:Massive plains that extend across the north and west from Pakistan to eastern India and Bangladesh • Rivers flow through these • Thar Desert is located in it (Northwest India)

  6. Topography of India

  7. Deccan Plateau • Deccan Plateau: Located south of the great plains • ½ of South Asia • Millions of farms • High, flat land are rivers

  8. Rivers • On the Indo-Gangetic Plain • Indus River:Principal river of Pakistan • Brahmaputra River:Begins in the Himalayas in Tibet and joins the Ganges River at the massive Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta in Bangladesh • Ganges River: Begins in Himalayas; joins the Brahmaputra in Bangladesh; empties into Bay of Bengal • Most holy river for Hindus

  9. Climate of India • Tropical in the south and temperate in the north • Rainfall varies by region (some areas have tropical rainforests) • Often inconsistent and violent • 4 seasons • Cool, dry (Dec.-Feb.) • Hot, dry (March-May) • Wet (June-Sept.—monsoon) • Drier monsoon (Oct.-Nov.)

  10. Monsoons • Monsoon:Seasonal wind that dominates the climate of South Asia • Key to life for farmers: need the rain that the monsoon winds bring • Issues: Sometimes there is too much rain and sometimes there is too little • Wet monsoon:Late May or early June • Dry monsoon:October Flooding in Bangladesh from the monsoons

  11. Monsoon Winds

  12. Resources • Blackwell, Amy Hackney. "Khyber Pass." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. • Burris, Tamar. "Himalayas." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2013 • "Flooding in Bangladesh." Image. PhotoDisc, Inc. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. • "Himalayas from Kathmandu." Image. Corel. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. • India: topography. Map/Still. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 15  Jan.  2013.  <http://www.school.eb.com/comptons/art-137842>. • Indian monsoon: average dates of summer monsoon across Asia. Map/Still. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 15  Jan.  2013.  <http://www.school.eb.com/comptons/art-117507>. • "Region at a Glance: South Asia (illustration)." Image. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. • Stockdale, Nancy. "South Asia." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. • "Thar Desert, Rajasthan, India." Image. Corel. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. • "Topographic Map." Map. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2013.