Verb Tense Past, Present and Future
When we describe WHEN something happened, • we say • it happened in the past • it is happening right now • it will happen in the future
How do we know WHEN something happened? • The verbs in a sentence tell you whether the action already happened, is happening right now or in the future. • For example: • Yesterday, we didn’t come to school. (past) • Right now we are in school. (present) • Tomorrow we will be in school again. (future)
Past Tense Verbs • When something happened already or happened in the past, we write or say our sentences in the past tense. • Verbs in the past tense will usually have –edat the end. • Examples: • Tasha helped at the library last week. • Tony studied for his test last night. • People shouted for their favorite candidate during the elections.
Present Tense Verbs • When something is happening right now or happens all the time, the sentences will be in the present tense. • Verbs in the present tense will usually have “-s” or no suffix at the end. • Examples: • Today Juan works at the library. • Tony studies everyday. • People use ballots to cast their vote.
Future Tense Verbs • When something hasn’t happened yet or will happen later, we use future tense in our sentences. • Verbs in the future tense have the word “will” before the verb. • Examples: • I will go to the library at 3:00 p.m. • Tony will study for his math test tonight. • People will vote for a president in four years.
Let’s read the sentence and see if it is written in past, present, or future tense • People needed food after the hurricane. • verb: needed tense: past tense • Today we use computers to vote. • verb: use tense: present • A person’s vote stays a secret. • verb: stays tense: present • States will make voting easier next year. • verb: will make tense: future
More practice with Present-Tense Verbs • Present-tense verbs tell what is happening right now. • Present-tense verbs follow these rules: • If you use he, she, it, or a singular noun, add -s or -es to most verbs. • Mr. Derpicblows his whistle everyday. • One of the girls cheers for the team. • A gift makes moms smile on Mother’s Day. • One person tosses the ball.
If you use I, you, we, they, or a plural noun don’t add s or es to the verb. • They plant a garden. • We walk to school daily. • I toss the ball to my partner. • The girls cheer for their team. • The sons make the mom smile on Mother’s Day.
So if you have ONE person, place or thing, add -s or -es If the sentence has I, you, or more than one person as the subject, don’t add s or es + -s or -es + -s or -es He gives her a rose. She shows off her chocolate. They hold hands. Some people stand together.
Choose the correct verb for each sentence: • Some children (join, joins) groups to help. • One person (push, pushes) a cart. • Two friends (help, helps) her on Saturdays. • The teachers at school (work, works) together. • How can you (act, acts) to help our community?