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Verb Tense

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Verb Tense

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  1. Verb Tense

  2. Key Learning: Using appropriate grammar in writing and speaking is essential for effective communication. • Unit Essential Question: • How does proper grammar help us to communicate effectively? Concept: Verbs • Lesson Essential Questions: • Why do we have subject and verbs agree in both tense and number in a sentence? 7.3.5 (701.1.2) • What are the principal parts of a verb? 7.3.5 (701.1.2) • What makes a verb irregular? 7.3.5 (701.1.2), • How do we determine the proper use of commonly confused words? 7.3.2 (701.1.9) • How do we decide if infinitives and/or infinitive phrases are being used correctly within a sentence? 7.3.10 (701.1.13)

  3. ACTIVATOR • Create a wordsplash with terms associated with “VERB TENSE”

  4. 1. What is Tense? • The tense of a verb indicates the time of the action or of the state of being that is expressed by the verb. Examples: *Denise served bagels for breakfast yesterday. *Randy will play the drums tonight.

  5. 1. What is Tense? • There are three basic tenses (past, present, future). • Each basic tense has a perfect form, indicating a completed action. • When you list the different forms (tenses) of a verb, it is called conjugating.

  6. 2. The Six Tenses Draw this in your notes, please.

  7. 2. The Six Tenses • Past- existing or happening in the past (-ed or form of the verb). Examples: *I saw the rainbow yesterday. *She took the bus last night.

  8. Assessment Prompt • Showdown! With a partner, back to back, count down from three, turn around, and say a verb of this tense. If you are either wrong, or the slowest, you get no points. If you are the first one with the right answer, you earn a point.

  9. 2. The Six Tenses • Present- existing or happening now (present form of the verb, or with an “s”). Examples: *I see the rainbow now. *She takes the bus to save on gas.

  10. Assessment Prompt • Showdown! With a partner, back to back, count down from three, turn around, and say a verb of this tense. If you are either wrong, or the slowest, you get no points. If you are the first one with the right answer, you earn a point.

  11. 2. The Six Tenses • Future- existing or happening in the future (will/shall). Examples: *I will see the rainbow soon. *She will take the bus tomorrow.

  12. Assessment Prompt • Showdown! With a partner, back to back, count down from three, turn around, and say a verb of this tense. If you are either wrong, or the slowest, you get no points. If you are the first one with the right answer, you earn a point.

  13. 2. The Six Tenses • Past Perfect- existing or happening before a specific time in the past (had). Examples: *I had seen a rainbow before today. *She had taken the bus last Thursday.

  14. Assessment Prompt • Showdown! With a partner, back to back, count down from three, turn around, and say a verb of this tense. If you are either wrong, or the slowest, you get no points. If you are the first one with the right answer, you earn a point.

  15. 2. The Six Tenses • Present Perfect- existing or happening sometime before now; may be continuing now (have/has). Examples: *We have seen rainbows in the past. *She has taken the bus before.

  16. Assessment Prompt • Showdown! With a partner, back to back, count down from three, turn around, and say a verb of this tense. If you are either wrong, or the slowest, you get no points. If you are the first one with the right answer, you earn a point.

  17. 2. The Six Tenses • Future Perfect- existing or happening before a specific time in the future (will have). Examples: *We will have seen a rainbow after the next thunderstorm. *She will have taken the bus for seven days in a row on Tuesday.

  18. Assessment Prompt • Showdown! With a partner, back to back, count down from three, turn around, and say a verb of this tense. If you are either wrong, or the slowest, you get no points. If you are the first one with the right answer, you earn a point.

  19. 2. The Six Tenses This should be in your spiral!

  20. 3. Consistency of Tense • Do not change needlessly from one tense to another. Examples: *When we go to the movies, we bought some popcorn. Wrong!

  21. 3. Consistency of Tense • Do not change needlessly from one tense to another. Wrong Example: *When we go to the movies, we bought some popcorn. *When we go to the movies, we buy some popcorn. OR *When we went to the movies, we bought some popcorn.

  22. SUMMARIZER • Select any base form of a verb. Create a chart of each of the six tenses and trace the changes of the verb through each of those shifts.

  23. Trackers Out, Please • GUM Workbook Pages: • Page 176 ALL • Page 177 ALL