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Verb Tense

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Verb Tense

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  1. Verb Tense Tense denotes the time of the action indicated by a verb. The time is not always the same as that indicated by the name of the tense.

  2. 6 Types of Verb Tenses

  3. Present Tense • Present tense may express action which is going on at the present time or which occurs always, repeatedly, or habitually. • Examples: He sees the train. He eats cereal for breakfast every day. • Your Turn: Write a present tense sentence about your morning routine.

  4. Past Tense • Past tense expresses action completed at a definite time in the past. • Examples: He wrote the letter yesterday. She lived to be 90 years old. • Your turn: Write a past tense sentence about Superbowl Sunday.

  5. Future Tense • Future tense expresses action which will take place in the future. • It uses the helping verbs will or shall* and the present tense form of the verb). • Examples: He will send the letter tomorrow. I shall wait here until you return. • Traditionally, shall is used for 1st person and will for 2nd and 3rd persons. I shall be late. We will be late.

  6. Your Turn • Write two future tense sentences about your plans for Spring Break. *Try to use shall (personal) and will (plural)

  7. Present Perfect Tense • Present perfect tense expresses action completed at the present time (perfect means complete) or begun in the past and continuing into the present. • This tense uses the helping verbs has and have and the past participle of the verb. • Examples: • He has written a letter to his uncle. (completed action) • The Waltonshave lived here for seven years. (started in past, BUT still continuing)

  8. Your turn • Write three (3) present perfect sentences selecting from any of the following irregular verb forms.

  9. Past Perfect Tense • Past perfect tense expresses action completed before certain time in the past. (This is the before-past tense.) • It uses the helping verb had and the past participle of the verb. • Example: Sheryl had sentthe email before her manager returned from the meeting.

  10. Your turn • Write a past perfect tense sentence about something you are skilled at doing (i.e. you could do it blind-folded and asleep without messing up).

  11. Future Perfect Tense • Future perfect tense expresses action which will be completed before a certain time in the future. (This is the before-future tense) • It uses the helping verbs will have or shall have and the past participle of the verb. • Example: He will have finished the paper before next Friday. • Your turn: Write a future perfect tense sentence about an upcoming class assignment (any course).

  12. Verb Forms

  13. Regular Verbs • Regular verbs form their past tense and past participle by adding –ed or –d to their present tense form. • More than 95% of all English verbs are regular. • Regular verbs cause few problems in speaking and writing.

  14. Regular verbs and their Principal Parts

  15. Irregular Verbs • Irregular verbs can form their past tense and past participle forms in various way. • These forms cause even native speakers innumerable problems. • The most irregular verb of all is the verb to be. • Another irregular verb that is important for its use with other verbs is the verb to have.

  16. Four Principal/Main Parts

  17. Other Common Irregular Verbs and their Principal Parts

  18. Conjugation • A conjugation of a verb is the correct arrangement of its form through its tenses, persons, and numbers. • Person means the speaker, the person spoken to, and the person or thing spoken of. • Number means singular or plural.

  19. Conjugation of the verb: to be

  20. Your Turn: conjugate each verb

  21. Answers