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●Individual Differences on Growth and Development of Children PowerPoint Presentation
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●Individual Differences on Growth and Development of Children

●Individual Differences on Growth and Development of Children

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●Individual Differences on Growth and Development of Children

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  1. ●Individual Differences on Growth and Development of Children An influence of metabolism , hormone, the properties of bone, dietary life, nutrition, and living and social environment makes differences on growth and development of children.

  2. ● Growth Disorder Short height Tall height Early sexual maturity Obesity Underweight

  3. ● The diseases and conditions for • Growth Disorder • Endocrine diseases: Growth hormone deficiency • Bone system diseases:achondroplasia • Metabolism diseases:rickets • Constitutional growth disorder: inheritance growth disorder • Chronic diseases: malnutrition • Chromosome disorder:Down’s syndrome • Deformity:Russel-silver syndrome • Psychosomatic Growth Disorder:child neglect or abuse

  4. ● The diseases and conditions for • underweight • Environmental factor: • poverty, nutritional misunderstand, infection, etc. • Chronic diseases • Endocrine diseases • Inheritancemetabolism diseases • Anorexia nervosa

  5. Cross-Sectional Standard Growth Chart boy Height(cm) average Height Weight(Kg) average Weight AGE(year) Data in 2000

  6. ● Rohrer Index =weight (kg)/( height (cm)3)x107 ● Rohrer index =weight (kg)/( height (m)3)x10 Rohrer index Useful to calculate for obesity level of children

  7. ● Rohrer index ex. height :135cm, weight :30kg Rohrer index =30÷1.353×10 =30/2.46×10 =122(Normal Weight)

  8. ● Rohrer Index Severe Underweight under 100 Underweight 100<115 Normal Weight 115<145 Overweight 145<159 Obese over 160

  9. ● Kaup Index (BMI) = (weight (g)/ height (cm)2)x10 ● Kaup index (BMI) =weight (g)/ height (cm) /height (cm)x10 Kaup index (BMI) Useful to calculate for obesity level of small children and adult

  10. ● Kaup index ex. height :100cm (1m), weight :20kg Kaup index =20000÷1002×10 =20000/10000×10 =20(Normal Weight) BMI=20÷12 =20/1 =20(Normal Weight)

  11. ● Kaup index (for small children) Severe Underweight < 13 Underweight 13 <15 Normal Weight 15 < 18 Overweight 18 <20 Obese 20 <

  12. ●BMI (for adult) Underweight < 18.5 Normal Weight 18.5 <25 Overweight 25 < 30 Obese 30 <