What is IPM? • Integrated pest management (IPM) is an ecosystem-based strategy that focuses on long-term prevention of pests or their damage through a combination of techniques such as • biological control, • habitat manipulation, • modification of cultural practices, • and use of resistant varieties.
Why use IPM? • To reduce the pesticide load in the environment. • To produce pest control programs that are economical and environmentally acceptable • To increase utilization of natural pest controls. • To minimize the risk to human health and the environment, by decreasing the use of pesticides.
Deer Tick • Causes Lyme disease.
Termites • Eat wood-- become a problem when they consume structural lumber. • Are helpful when they are used for recycling wood and plant material in an ecosystem. Feeds on wood in buildings
Aphids • Biological Control -Natural Predators Include: Ladybugs Parasitic wasps Fungal diseases Lacewing larvae • By using these natural controls we can control the aphid population. • If pesticides are used The biological controls will be killed as well as the aphids. Small insects that feed on plant leaves.
Mosquito • Carries disease Biological Control : • Get rid of any free standing water • If you have a pond stock it with mosquito eating fish. • Dragonflies eat mosquitoes
Clothes Moth • Larva stage feeds on woolen clothes. • Biological Control • Low humidity • Dry clean or launder frequently • Use mothballs or crystals to protect stored clothes.
Cockroach • Contaminates food • Cockroaches will leave and not return if there is no food, shelter and water-- Sanitary conditions will usually grant you freedom from cockroaches
Bedbug Biological Control • Bed bugs cannot climb polished glasss or metal easily and they don't fly, so that the legs of beds can also be placed inside glass jars or metal cans. Simple physical control methods include: • standing the legs of beds in soapy water, • coating the legs with petroleum jelly or double-sided sticky tape. Feeds on the blood of man and animals.
Ants • Sanitation is essential-- clean up spills • Antlions-- eat ant larvae • There are also many home remedies that have proven effective-- • Soap • Pepper, etc…
Ant Lion • Larva feeds on ants Antlion larvae Adult antlion
Silkworm Moth • Larva spins silk threads
Honeybees • Provide honey • Pollinates flowers
Ladybird beetle(Ladybug) • Feeds on plant aphids, mealbugs, and mites.
Praying Mantid • Feeds on a variety of insects harmful to man. The Poster child for Helpful insects.
Dragonfly • Preys on mosquitoes and flies.