Ch. 5 Nonverbal Communication • Is ANYTHING that is not language a nonverbal form of communication? • Nonverbal= • PRIMARY way of communicating (particularly feelings) • Often more believable than verbals (channel discrepancy) • Spontaneous/unintentional, Ambiguous, continuous, multichanneled, CULTURE-BOUND (see pp. 170-171)
Functions of Nonverbal Communication • Reinforcingverbals • Complementing/accenting • Substitution • Contradiction • Regulation • Immediacy (seen via mimicry)
Nonverbal Codes—Kinesics/Body Movement • Emblems (substitution word or concept) • Illustrators (literal) • Regulators (help flow) • Adaptors (have one?) • DECEPTION • microexpressions
Eye contact and Facial Expressions • For facial expressions, see: http://www.cs.unc.edu/~andrei/expressions/ --6 primary facial categories that are cross-cultural. --BUT…rules of display vary by culture. Oculesics=study of eye movement
Vocals/Paralanguage • Vocal Qualities --pitch, tone, volume • Vocalizations --moan, yawns --laughing/crying sound --back-channelcues • Silence=meaning!
What can fashion/clothing communicate? Artifacts???
Communication via Space/Distance Territoriality—how can you communicate you ‘own’ a space
General rules of space/touch (touch=haptics): • The more POWERFUL you are: --the more CONTROL you have --the more physical SPACE you have --greater ability TO TOUCH SOMEONE (but not necessarily reciprocate)
Time Orientation (Chronemics) • What is the USA’s orientation to TIME? Time=money Time=a thing Monochronic vs. polychronic • Other cultures?
Influences on Nonverbals • Mediated context (online) • Situational • Public vs private • Formal vs informal dimension • CULTURE context (what’s “normal” in one may be offensive in another…” • Contact vs. non-contact cultures
Exam One 150-135 = A range 134-120 = B range 119-105= C range 104 and below= D/F range
Short Essay Rubric • 8-9pts = acceptable answer, most components covered • 10-11pts = all components of question covered, use of examples, some terms. • 12pts= excellent application of terms and/or original examples