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Chapter 17 – Atmosphere

Chapter 17 – Atmosphere

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Chapter 17 – Atmosphere

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  1. Chapter 17 – Atmosphere Topic 1 Topic 2 Topic 3 Topic 4 Topic 5 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 FINAL ROUND

  2. Topic 1:$100 Question • Scientists hypothesize that Earth’s early atmosphere was formed primarily by gases released by • a. Comet impacts • b. Plants • c. Volcanic eruptions • d. Oceans ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  3. Topic 1:$100 Answer • Scientists hypothesize that Earth’s early atmosphere was formed primarily by gases released by • a. Comet impacts • b. Plants • c. Volcanic eruptions • d. Oceans BACK TO GAME

  4. Topic 1:$200 Question • The basic reason why the temperature of Earth’s surface varies from place to place is because insolation heats Earth’s surface • a. During the Night • b. During the Summer • c. Unequally • d. Equally ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  5. Topic 1:$200 Answer • The basic reason why the temperature of Earth’s surface varies from place to place is because insolation heats Earth’s surface • a. During the Night • b. During the Summer • c. Unequally • d. Equally BACK TO GAME

  6. Topic 1:$300 Question • The composition of Earth’s atmosphere remains fairly stable because Earth • a. Is in orbit around the sun • b. Is slowly warming up • c. Has an efficient recycling system • d. Is slowly cooling down ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  7. Topic 1:$300 Answer • The composition of Earth’s atmosphere remains fairly stable because Earth • a. Is in orbit around the sun • b. Is slowly warming up • c. Has an efficient recycling system • d. Is slowly cooling down BACK TO GAME

  8. Topic 1:$400 Question • Why are continents warmer than nearby ocean waters during the summer? • a. Continents receive more direct sunlight than others • b. Continents cool off more slowly than ocean waters • c. Ocean waters cool off faster than land • d. Ocean waters warm more slowly than land. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  9. Topic 1:$400 Answer • Why are continents warmer than nearby ocean waters during the summer? • a. Continents receive more direct sunlight than others • b. Continents cool off more slowly than ocean waters • c. Ocean waters cool off faster than land • d. Ocean waters warm more slowly than land. BACK TO GAME

  10. Topic 1:$500 Question • At which angle of insolation does Earth’s surface receive the maximum amount of energy? • a. 30° • b. 45° • c. 90° • d. 180° ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  11. Topic 1:$500 Answer • At which angle of insolation does Earth’s surface receive the maximum amount of energy? • a. 30° • b. 45° • c. 90° • d. 180° BACK TO GAME

  12. Topic 2:$100 Question • How are the soles of your feet heated if you stand barefoot on a sun-warmed sidewalk? • a. Conduction • b. Convection • c. Radiation • d. None of the above ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  13. Topic 2:$100 Answer • How are the soles of your feet heated if you stand barefoot on a sun-warmed sidewalk? • a. Conduction • b. Convection • c. Radiation • d. None of the above BACK TO GAME

  14. Topic 2:$200 Question • A measure of the average kinetic energy of the atoms in a substance is its • a. Heat • b. Radiation • c. Conduction • d. Temperature ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  15. Topic 2:$200 Answer • A measure of the average kinetic energy of the atoms in a substance is its • a. Heat • b. Radiation • c. Conduction • d. Temperature BACK TO GAME

  16. Topic 2:$300 Question • A city and a forest are located in the same region. On a hot summer day, which would have cooler outdoor temperatures? • a. The city would be cooler. • b. The forest would be cooler. • c. Both would be the same. • d. None of the above. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  17. Topic 2:$300 Answer • A city and a forest are located in the same region. On a hot summer day, which would have cooler outdoor temperatures? • a. The city would be cooler. • b. The forest would be cooler. • c. Both would be the same. • d. None of the above. BACK TO GAME

  18. Topic 2:$400 Question • What are the main gases in Earth’s lower atmosphere? • a. Nitrogen and oxygen • b. Oxygen and carbon dioxide • c. Carbon dioxide and nitrogen • d. Oxygen and helium ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  19. Topic 2:$400 Answer • What are the main gases in Earth’s lower atmosphere? • a. Nitrogen and oxygen • b. Oxygen and carbon dioxide • c. Carbon dioxide and nitrogen • d. Oxygen and helium BACK TO GAME

  20. Topic 2:$500 Question • On a sunny summer day, the rays of the sun are strongest at • a. Sunrise • b. 12 Noon • c. 3 P.M. • d. Sunset ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  21. Topic 2:$500 Answer • On a sunny summer day, the rays of the sun are strongest at • a. Sunrise • b. 12 noon • c. 3 P.M. • d. Sunset BACK TO GAME

  22. Topic 3:$100 Question • Isotherms are lines on a map that connect places with the same • a. Temperature • b. Altitude • c. Wind Speed • d. Atmospheric pressure ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  23. Topic 3:$100 Answer • Isotherms are lines on a map that connect places with the same • a. Temperature • b. Altitude • c. Wind Speed • d. Atmospheric pressure BACK TO GAME

  24. Topic 3:$200 Question • The lower air cools most rapidly during a • a. Cloudy day • b. Cloudy night • c. Sunny day • d. Clear night ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  25. Topic 3:$200 Answer • The lower air cools most rapidly during a • a. Cloudy day • b. Cloudy night • c. Sunny day • d. Clear night BACK TO GAME

  26. Topic 3:$300 Question • The Freezing point and boiling point of water on the Celsius scale are respectively • a. 0° and 100° • b. 32° and 212° • c. 32° and 100° • d. 0° and 212° ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  27. Topic 3:$300 Answer • The Freezing point and boiling point of water on the Celsius scale are respectively • a. 0° and 100° • b. 32° and 212° • c. 32° and 100° • d. 0° and 212° BACK TO GAME

  28. Topic 3:$400 Question • Smog is primarily caused by • a. Ozone • b. Car exhaust • c. Acid rain • d. Global warming ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  29. Topic 3:$400 Answer • Smog is primarily caused by • a. Ozone • b. Car exhaust • c. Acid rain • d. Global warming BACK TO GAME

  30. Topic 3:$500 Question • How does energy from the sun reach Earth? • a. radiation • b. conduction • c. convection • d. None of the above ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  31. Topic 3:$500 Answer • How does energy from the sun reach Earth? • a. radiation • b. conduction • c. convection • d. None of the above BACK TO GAME

  32. Topic 4:$100 Question • A temperature inversion occurs when air at Earth’s surface is • a. The same as air above • b. Warmer than air above • c. Colder than air above • d. Lighter than air above ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  33. Topic 4:$100 Answer • A temperature inversion occurs when air at Earth’s surface is • a. The same as air above • b. Warmer than air above • c. Colder than air above • d. Lighter than air above BACK TO GAME

  34. Topic 4:$200 Question • Which area of Earth receives almost-vertical rays of the sun all through the year? • a. High latitudes • b. Middle latitudes • c. Latitudes near the equator • d. All of the above ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  35. Topic 4:$200 Answer • Which area of Earth receives almost-vertical rays of the sun all through the year? • a. High latitudes • b. Middle latitudes • c. Latitudes near the equator • d. All of the above BACK TO GAME

  36. Topic 4:$300 Question • In which layer of Earth’s atmosphere does almost all of Earth’s weather occur? • a. mesosphere • b. stratosphere • c. thermosphere • d. troposphere ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  37. Topic 4:$300 Answer • In which layer of Earth’s atmosphere does almost all of Earth’s weather occur? • a. mesosphere • b. stratosphere • c. thermosphere • d. troposphere BACK TO GAME

  38. Topic 4:$400 Question • Ozone in the stratosphere is very important to living things because it • a. Reflects ultraviolet radiation • b. Absorbs ultraviolet radiation • c. Creates holes for ultraviolet radiation • d. Reduces smog caused by ultraviolet radiation ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  39. Topic 4:$400 Answer • Ozone in the stratosphere is very important to living things because it • a. Reflects ultraviolet radiation • b. Absorbs ultraviolet radiation • c. Creates holes for ultraviolet radiation • d. Reduces smog caused by ultraviolet radiation BACK TO GAME

  40. Topic 4:$500 Question • Out of every 100 units of the sun’s radiation that reaches Earth, about how many units are absorbed by Earth’s surface? • a. 30 • b. 19 • c. 70 • d. 49 ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  41. Topic 4:$500 Answer • Out of every 100 units of the sun’s radiation that reaches Earth, about how many units are absorbed by Earth’s surface? • a. 30 • b. 19 • c. 70 • d. 49 BACK TO GAME

  42. Topic 5:$100 Question • Question: • a. Choice 1 • b. Choice 2 • c. Choice 3 • d. Choice 4 ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  43. Topic 5:$100 Answer • Question: • a. Choice 1 • b. Choice 2 • c. Choice 3 (correct answer) • d. Choice 4 BACK TO GAME

  44. Refer to the diagram below, which shows an island in the ocean on a clear summer day at 3 P.M. Place an A in the land area that is absorbing the most energy and place a B in the area that is reflecting the most energy. B A

  45. Essay #1 Why are the North and South Poles much colder than the equator? The North and South Poles are much colder than the equator because temperatures are lower at the poles because there is less radiation per unit of surface area at the poles than there is at the equator. At the equator, the sun’s rays hit the surface at a near vertical angle. As a result, the sun’s energy is more concentrated over a given area. At the poles, the sun’s energy is less concentrated over the same given area. Also, the ice and snow at the poles reflect sunlight back out to space. (Albedo)

  46. Essay #2 In a middle latitude region, how do the angle of insolation and the temperature change over the course of one year? Over the course of one summer? Over the course of one day? In one year, the angle of insolation changes from near vertical during the summer to less vertical during the winter. Temperature is warmest in late summer and coolest in late winter. In one day, the sun’s rays are closest to vertical at noon. The temperature is warmest in the afternoon and coolest just before dawn.

  47. Topic 5:$200 Answer • Question: • a. Choice 1 • b. Choice 2 • c. Choice 3 (correct answer) • d. Choice 4 BACK TO GAME

  48. Topic 5:$300 Question • Question: • a. Choice 1 • b. Choice 2 • c. Choice 3 • d. Choice 4 ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  49. Topic 5:$300 Answer • Question: • a. Choice 1 • b. Choice 2 • c. Choice 3 (correct answer) • d. Choice 4 BACK TO GAME

  50. Topic 5:$400 Question • Question: • a. Choice 1 • b. Choice 2 • c. Choice 3 • d. Choice 4 ANSWER BACK TO GAME