Unit 4 Enlightenment and Absolutism Lesson 3 Monarchs in England (ENGLAND)
Monarchs in England (ENGLAND) Review of SPAIN Answer on your paper. • 1. What was the name of the king and queen who unified Spain? • 2. What man became the most powerful ruler in 1519? • 3. What country defeated the Spanish Armada?
Monarchs in England (ENGLAND) Learning Target Students can explain the series of cause and effects that led to the emergence of a limited monarchy and democracy in England.
Monarchs in England (ENGLAND) E– Elizabeth I • Elizabeth was a strong monarch • She shared her power with parliament • Elizabeth divided her powers into foreign and domestic • She took care of foreign affairs while parliament made laws and collected taxes
Monarchs in England (ENGLAND) N– No right to question the King • In 1603 King James of Scotland also became the King of England (James I) • He refused to share his power with parliament • He believed he should make all the decisions in the government • (during his reign the King James version Bible was commissioned)
Monarchs in England (ENGLAND) G– God chooses who rules • King James believed he ruled by Divine Right (God ordained rule) • No one had the right to question his authority since it was from God • He viewed himself as both judge and jury of the people
Monarchs in England (ENGLAND) L– Limited Monarchy: King vs. the People • When James died his son Charles I became king and also believed in Divine Right • This time parliament was not so willing to follow • Charles asked parliament (the English council or law making assembly) for money to fight Spain (Protestants vs. Catholics)
Monarchs in England (ENGLAND) L– Limited Monarchy: King vs. the People • Parliament’s response: “NO!” • As a result Charles had no money to pay for a place for soldiers to stay • Charles forced people to house them in their homes (this upset parliament)
Monarchs in England (ENGLAND) A– Agreement: Petition of Right • In 1628, the king asked Parliament for more money, Parliament again refused • Parliament said it would give money if the king signed an agreement. • This was a big step in English democracy.
Monarchs in England (ENGLAND) A– Agreement: Petition of Right • The King would agree to three things 1. Only Parliament can collect taxes 2. The king can send no one to prison without trial 3. No one, not even the king, can force citizens to house soldiers
Monarchs in England (ENGLAND) N– Next Year • Charles asked for more money • Parliament passed a resolution (or formal statement) that said three things 1. The king cannot change English Protestantism 2. The king cannot tax the English people unless Parliament says he can 3. If the king does these things, he commits the crime of treason. That is, he turns on his country and its laws.
Monarchs in England (ENGLAND) D– Democracy • Many of Parliaments ideas are used today in the United States Constitution. • Bill of Rights (Right to due process of law) • Bill of Rights (Quartering of soldiers) • Bill of Rights (Freedom of Religion)
Monarchs in England (ENGLAND) • Parliament – the English council or law making assembly • Divine Right – belief that God chooses rulers and they are only responsible to Him • Limited Monarchy - a government where the power of the monarch is limited by the people • Petition of Right – English document that brought about more democracy
Monarchs in England (ENGLAND) • Democracy– a form of government where the people rule through the right to vote • Resolution– a formal statement that a government body writes • Treason– the act of turning against the laws and people of your own land; helping the enemy • Constitution– a body of laws that states the rights of the people and the power of the government.