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mao zedong

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  1. mao zedong By Cadet Livingood

  2. Mao Zedong or Mao Tse-tung , 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China

  3. Of peasant stock, Mao was trained in Chinese classics and later received a modern education. As a young man he observed oppressive social conditions, becoming one of the original members of the Chinese Communist party. Mao's ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare were extremely influential.

  4. With eldest son Anying at the Fragrant Hills 1949 He organized peasant and industrial unions and directed (1926) the Kuomintang's Peasant Movement Training Institute. After the Kuomintang-Communist split (1927), Mao led the disastrous “Autumn Harvest Uprising” in Hunan, leading to his ouster from the central committee of the party.

  5. The Long March was a massive military retreat undertaken by the ChineseCommunist Army to evade the pursuit of the Nationalist Chinese army. The Communist Army of the Chinese Soviet Republic, led by Mao Zedong and ZhouEnlai, was on the brink of complete annihilation by Chiang Kai-Shek's troops in Jiangxi Province in October 1934. The communists escaped in circling retreat to the north, which ultimately covered some 4960 miles over 370 days. The route branched through some of the most difficult terrain of western China and arrived 5952 miles west, then north, to Shaanxi

  6. After the Japanese were defeated in World War II, the Communists defeated the Kuomintang in an ensuing civil war and established the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949. It was the culmination of over two decades of Communist Party–led popular struggle. From 1954 to 1959, Mao was the Chairman of the PRC. He took up residence in Zhongnanhai, a compound next to the Forbidden City in Beijing, and there he decreed the construction of an indoor swimming pool and other buildings. Mao often did his work either in bed or by the side of the pool during his chairmanship, according to Dr. Li Zhisui, who claimed to be his physician. (Li's book has been subject to controversy.) A campaign to reestablish Mao's ideological line started in the Cultural Revolution. Mass mobilization was directed against the party leadership. In 1969 Mao reasserted his party leadership by serving as chairman of the Ninth Communist Party Congress, and in 1970 he was named supreme commander of the nation and army. After the Japanese were defeated in World War II, the Communists defeated the Kuomintang in an ensuing civil war and established the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949. It was the culmination of over two decades of Communist Party–led popular struggle. From 1954 to 1959, Mao was the Chairman of the PRC. He took up residence in Zhongnanhai, a compound next to the Forbidden City in Beijing, and there he decreed the construction of an indoor swimming pool and other buildings. Mao often did his work either in bed or by the side of the pool during his chairmanship, according to Dr. Li Zhisui, who claimed to be his physician. (Li's book, The Private Life of Chairman Mao, has been subject to controversy.)

  7. The cultural revolution group continued its campaigns until Mao's death in Sept., 1976. A month later its leaders were purged and Mao's surviving opponents slowly regained power pushing aside Mao's successor, Hua Guofeng, and erasing the cult surrounding Mao.

  8. The End