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mao zedong PowerPoint Presentation

mao zedong

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mao zedong

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    1. Mao Zedong Foreign Policy The Soviet Union

    2. 2 Triangular issues USA, the Soviet Union and China The revolution, in addition to building communism in the country, was also about returning China to its pre-eminence as a world power

    3. 3 Zhou Enlai Zhou Enlai = key figure in Chinas diplomatic relations throughout the period Zhou widely respected and trusted internationally

    4. 4 International Revolution Mao differed deeply from the Comintern on his views of the international communist revolution Chinese interests first Other revolutions must be embedded in local conditions: cultural, social and economic Conflicts in the leadership Maoist vs. Leninist dimension

    5. 5 The Soviet Union: Mao and Stalin Mao and China as minor partners Stalin - Mao was just the leader of another communist state Mao - no way he would subvert his interests to Stalin Relations so tense, that later in 1959, Khrushchev comments China would have gone with US if option available

    6. 6 Treaty of Alliance and Mutual Assistance Despite personal issues treaty signed 1950 (see documents) Major benefit of the treaty = Soviet Union would support China in any future conflict with Japan Credits were also given to China but at a much lower level than those given by the USA to other east Asian states.

    7. 7 Tensions with the Soviet Union Limited support from the USSR before 1949 Conflicting views of the relationship after 1949 Unequal nature of the treaty Differing views of communism that emerged

    8. 8 So why treaty with the Soviet Union? NO CHOICE Americans supporting Taiwan GMD were rebuilding their forces Anti-communist regimes been installed with American support: Vietnam and South Korea

    9. 9 The Korean War 25 June 1950 27 July 1953 (ceasefire) Proxy-war: US + Western allies vs. PRC + USSR North Korea (Communist) vs. South Korea (US, UK, Philippines + UN) US called conflict a police action to avoid Congressional declaration of war

    10. 10 The Korean War Showed different objectives of Soviet and Chinese foreign policies USSR = buffer states China = hostile regimes on borders China need stay close to USSR but not reciprocal

    11. 11 Impact of the Korean War Chinese leaders saw China not able defend itself Pengs argument = professional apolitical Soviet style military needed China isolated through the American backed embargo

    12. 12 Khrushchev Increased ideological gap when Khrushchev leader Mao considered USSR non-revolutionary line Mao resented that Khrushchev assumed leadership of the communist world Khrushchevs attack on Stalins personality cult After 1956, increasing criticism

    13. 13 The Nuclear Issue Sputnik 1958 Mao delighted = USSR should use its new power to give total support for revolutionary movements Khrushchev refused to risk nuclear conflict

    14. 14 Quemoy and Matsu Islands of Quemoy and Matsu Chinese looking for Soviet support None given, further alienating the 2 powers

    15. 15 The Invasion of Tibet 1959 the Chinese army invaded Tibet Soviets refused support Withdrew support for Chinas nuclear programme

    16. 16 The Low Point 1960 Soviet technical advisers were withdrawn from China 1962 the Soviets supported India in its conflict with China