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Mao Zedong

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Mao Zedong

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  1. By: Sarah Fortner and Danielle Villeneuve Mao Zedong

  2. Compare and contrast how the status of women and minorities changed in Nazi Germany to another single party state. Paper 2 Question

  3. Born outside of the Shaoshan village in 1893 (Stewart 11) Mao’s father, Mao Rensheng, was a prosperous rice farmer and was depending on his son to keep the business going. (Stewart 11) Spent the majority of his childhood working on his family's farm, attending school intermittently until the age of thirteen, when he joined his father full time in farm work (Brown) Early Years

  4. Grain shortages in 1910 cause poor peasants to steal grain from Mao’s father. Mao realizes how little power peasants. (Stewart 18) At age 14, Mao’s father arranged a marriage for him. Mao never accepts this marriage (Mao Tse-tung Biography) When he was 17, Mao left home to enroll in a secondary school in Changsha, the capital of Hunan Province. (Mao Tse-tung Biography) Early Years

  5. When Mao went to college he got involved in many political activities and began to investigate more about different political ideologies and philosophy . (Szczepanski) In 1918, Mao Tse-tung graduated as a certified teacher. (Mao Tse-tung Biography) Mao then travels to Beijing and was then introduced to Marxism while working in the library of Peking University. (Szczepanski) In 1921 he helped found the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). (Brown) Rise to Power

  6. He rose up through the ranks of the party as a delegate assemblyman and then executive to the Shanghai branch of the party. (Mao Tse-tungBiography) After his strong military leadership in the Long March, Mao was elected to the Politburo Standing Committee, the highest policy-making committee in the CCP. (Stewart 45) In July 1937, the Japanese invaded China, forcing Chiang Kai-shek to flee the capital in Nanking. Mao Mao established himself as a military leader and helped fight off the Japanese. (Mao Tse-tung Biography) With the Japanese defeat in 1945, Mao Tse-tung was able to set his sights on controlling all of China. On October 1, 1949 Mao announced the establishment of the People’s Republic of China. (Mao Tse-tung Biography) Rise to Power

  7. Ban on prostitution in 1949 Mao set out to put an end to arranged marriages, the selling of wives, and the abusive treatment of women. Marriage Law of 1950 is created. (Deluca 48) Mao believed that "genuine equality between the sexes" could be achieved only through a complete "socialist transformation of society," in which women were allowed "to own property, use their own names, sue for divorce," and enter professions. (Deluca 48) Mao regarded women as a "vast reserve of labor power,“ and embraced principle of equal pay for equal work. (Deluca 48) Mao sought to weaken the traditional bonds of the family as a means of modernizing the Chinese economy and encouraging greater geographical and social mobility within the workforce. (Deluca 48) He would later use his ideas on women and social justice to ban infanticide, foot binding and update conditions in Chinese factories by providing women with access to free medical care and nurseries for their children. (Deluca 48) Mao’s Policies: Treatment of Women

  8. 1949-1953 Mass executions of landlords and other “rightists,” more than 1 million likely killed. (Szczepanski) Three-Antis (1951) & Mao’s political opponents were targeted. Five-Antis (1952)- Chinese capitalists, especially rich capitalists targeted. Hundreds of thousands dead by suicide or execution (Szczepanski) Hundred Flower’s Campaign of 1957: Mao encourages criticism of government (trick to root out critics) (Szczepanski). Opponents went through "psychologically tortuous ordeal" to make amends for their “errors”. (Deluca 48) 1957- 1959 Anti-Rightist Campaign: some 500,000 or more government critics re-educated through labor or shot. (Szczepanski). 1966-1976 Cultural Revolution: Chinese teachers and intellectuals denounced and persecuted. Terrorized by Red Guard. (Cultural Revolution) Mao’s Policies: Treatment of Minorities

  9. Hitler wanted to have women become domestic wives, that stay at home, have a family and the husband would be the dominant one in the household who made the money to support the family (Spartacus). “In 1933 Hitler appointed Gertrud Scholtz-Klink as Reich Women's Leader and head of the Nazi Women's League.” Gertrud was to promote male superiority and that it was important for women to bear children (Spartacus). From “1934 and from June 1936 women could no longer act as judges or public prosecutors” because Hitler wanted to prevent women from working in professional jobs. He also ordered most women out of the workforce, so that men could be the sole providers (Spartacus) “In the year before the Nazis came to power there were 18,315 women students in Germany's universities. By 1939 this number had fallen to 5,447” (Spartacus) Hitler’s anti-feminism turned women to left wing parties, forcing Hitler to create the first concentration camp for women in 1933 then two other concentration camps later while he was still in power. (Spartacus) Hitler’s Policies: Treatment of Women

  10. Hitler’s goal was to eliminate all undesirables from Germany to create the perfect Aryan race, such as; Jews, gypsies, the disabled, homosexuals, etc. (Uahsibhistory) Hitler created the Nuremberg Laws in 1935, which took away citizenship from Jews and instated racial hierarchy (Uahsibhistory) Hitler wanted to control all massacres of Jews and minorites under the state so he established the Kristallnacht in 1938. Uahsibhistory) Many concentration camps were thus created to eliminate the population of undesirables, most of the time these concentration camps would become over crowded to the point that Hitler had to build many more, killing about 11 to 12 million people in WWII Uahsibhistory) Hitler’s Policies:Treatment of Minorities

  11. Summary VS Similarities • Targeted ethnical and religious minorities (Uahsibhistory) • Both executed minorities in order to create a “better” society • Both had a group of youth to help them maintain their policies (Hitler had the SA, Mao had the Red Guard) • Both created many policies to keep them in power and to achieve their goals • Both used propaganda to promote their ideology • Both used their military to inflict fear on the public to prevent them from going against their policies Differences • Hitler targeted social minorities in addition to ethnical and religious minorities. • Hitler was threatened by women in the work force and took away their rights, while Mao granted rights to women. • Hitler targeted Jews more, while Mao targeted the upper class in order to gain rights to the working class • Mao created the Cultural Revolution to bring power to the youth and the working class in China. • Hitler created the Holocaust to mainly create the perfect Aryan society

  12. Szczepanski, Kallie. "Timeline of Mao Zedong's Life." About.com. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://asianhistory.about.com/od/timelinesmaozedong/a/maoonepage.htm>. "Mao Tse-tung Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 03 Jan. 2013. <http://www.biography.com/people/mao-tse-tung-9398142>. "Mao - 1893-1949: The Rise to Power." Jansj.org :|: Writings :|:. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013. Stewart, Whitney. Mao Zedong. Minneapolis: Twenty-First Century, 2006. Questia School. Web. 6 Jan. 2013. Deluca, Anthony R. Gandhi, Mao, Mandela, and Gorbachev: Studies in Personality, Power, and Politics. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2000. Questia School. Web. 6 Jan. 2013. "Cultural Revolution." Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013. <http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/history/cultural-revolution.html>. "Uahsibhistory - Minorities Mao and Hitler." Uahsibhistory - Minorities Mao and Hitler. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013. "Spartacus Educational.“ http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/GERwomen.htm. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013. Works Cited