Define the term “Holocaust” • The Holocaust refers to a specific genocidal event in twentieth-century history • European Jewry by Nazi Germany and its collaborator • between 1933 and 1945. Jews were the primary victims— • 6 million were murdered’ Gypsies, the handicapped, and Poles were also targeted for destruction or decimation for racial, ethnic, or national reasons. • Millions more, including homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Soviet prisoners of war, and political dissidents, also suffered grievous oppression and death under Nazi tyranny.
Time of Devastation • The Holocaust was a time of devastation and corruption. It was a time of cruelty and it was terribly inhumane. • The Holocaust and its supporters tried vainly to make the world perfect, but only succeeded in killing millions. • Unbelievably, some people think the Holocaust never happened, but it did.
Against Jews • The Nazi’s and Adolf Hitler spoke against Jews even before the start of World War II. • They blamed them for everything; from the defeat of World War I, for the Depression and for the fall of the Czar of Russia. • People were looking for someone to blame and coincidently Adolf Hitler was there to urge them on, this hatred grew into what was called the Holocaust. • Many Jews were high-ranking, and no doubt the citizens were jealous, so that gave them even more reason to dislike them, eventually Jews were considered dirt.
World War 11 • After the beginning of World War II in 1933 the Jews were taken away from their homes and sent to ghettoes and concentration camps. • Some Jews tried to fight for their rights. The most famous revolt was the Warsaw Revolt in Warsaw, Poland which lasted 28 days. • After the Jews were sent to the camps some of them were taken to gas chambers and were killed with deadly gas. • After the war the camps were turned into memorials and museums.
Not Only Jews • Many other people were killed in Germany during World War II. • They wiped out the mentally ill and the physically handicapped. Hitler remarked them "un worthy of life." • Catholic priests and nuns were also Nazi targets.
Vocabulary • allies The nations fighting Nazi Germany, Italy and Japan during. World War II; primarily the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union. • antisemitismPrejudice or discrimination towards Jews. • Auschwitz Concentration and extermination camp in Upper Silesia, it became the largest center for Jewish extermination. • Axis The Axis powers originally included Nazi Germany, Italy,andJapan who signed a pact in Berlin on September 27, 1940. • Dachau First concentration camp established in March 1933, ten miles northwest of Munich. • dictator A person who has absolute power or control of a government.
Cont. • genocide The deliberate and systematic destruction of a religious, racial, national, or cultural group. • gentile A non-Jewish person • ghetto a section of a city where all Jews from the surrounding areas were forced to reside. Surrounded by barbed wire or walls, the ghettos were often sealed so that people were prevented from leaving or entering and characterized by overcrowding, starvation and forced labor. All were eventually destroyed as the Jews were deported to death camps. • great depression A deep, worldwide, economic contraction beginning in 1929 which caused particular hardship in Germany which was already reeling from huge reparation payments following World War I and hyperinflation. • Jewish Badge A distinctive sign which Jews were compelled to wear in Nazi Germany and in Nazi-occupied countries. It often took the form of a yellow Star of David.