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Teen Pregnancy

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Teen Pregnancy

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    1. Teen Pregnancy Approximately 97 per 1000 women aged 15-19 become pregnant each year

    2. Teen Pregnancy is a Serious Issue in the United States Despite the recently declining teen pregnancy rates, 34% of teenage girls get pregnant at least once before they reach age The United States has the highest teen pregnancy rate of any developed country

    3. Predicting Factors in Teen Pregnancy Teen pregnancy may be more likely if an adolescent has experienced. Depression Physical, Emotional, or Sexual Abuse Having a battered mother Parental separation or divorce Growing up with a substance abusing, mentally ill, or criminal household member

    4. Experiences Linked with Involvement in Teen Pregnancy Young age at first intercourse Having more sexual partners Having had an STD Alcohol use Use of illicit drugs

    5. Realities of Teen Pregnancy Ninety-four percent of teens believe that if they were pregnant they would stay in school; in reality, 70 percent eventually complete high school. Fifty-one percent of teens believe that if they were involved in a pregnancy they would marry the babys mother or father; in reality, 81 percent of teenage births are to unmarried teens.

    6. Realities of Teen Pregnancy, continued Twenty-six percent of teens believe that they would need welfare to support a child; in reality, 56 percent receive public assistance to cover the cost of delivery and 5 percent receive public assistance by their early 20s.

    7. Realities of Repeat Teen Pregnancy Repeat teen pregnancies tend to be high 30% become pregnant again within the first postpartum year and another 25% to 50% become pregnant in the second postpartum year

    8. Risk to Teen Mothers Future prospects for teenagers decline significantly if they have a baby Less likely to complete school and more likely to become single parents Only 1/3 of teens who become parents by age 18 complete high school There are serious health risks for adolescents who have babies Poor weight gain, pregnancy-induced hypertension, anemia, and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are common

    9. Risks to Teen Mothers, continued Teen pregnancy is closely linked to poverty and single parenthood Almost one-half of all teenage mothers and over three-quarters of unmarried teen mothers began receiving welfare within five years of the birth of their first child Out-of-wedlock childbearing (as opposed to divorce) is currently the driving force behind the growth in the number of single parents, and half of first out-of-wedlock births are to teens

    10. Risks to Children born to Teen Mothers Low birth weight that can cause cognitive problems for the child later in life Children of teens often have insufficient health care. Children of teen mothers often receive inadequate parenting.

    11. Statistics for teen pregnancy rates in Butler County, Ohio Total Number of Births in the County 4,887 Total Number of Births to teens in the County 529 Percent of Total Birth to Teens in the County 10.8% Rank 212 out of 459

    12. Strategies to Reduce Teen Pregnancy Provide medically accurate sexual education Increased use of and easy access to contraception Confidentiality associated with sexual health care and contraception

    13. Strategies to Reduce Teen Pregnancy, continued Media coverage aimed at reducing teen pregnancy Pregnancy prevention programs addressed to the role of young men Change in Attitudes about Sexuality

    14. Teacher Strategies Be able to provide students with accurate information Ensure confidentiality If students confide in you that they are pregnant, do not offer your own criticisms or opinions- Provide a list of resources where they can obtain help

    15. Helpful Websites to Prevent Teen Pregnancy The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy Planned Pregnancy

    16. Bibliography

    17. Bibliography, continued Anda, R., Chapman, D., Felitti, V.J., Edwards, V., Williamson, D., Croft, J., & Giles, W.H. (2002). Adverse Childhood Experiences and Risk of Paternity in Teen Pregnancy. Obstretics and Gynecology, 100(1), 37-45. Chandra, P.C., Schiavello, H.J., Ravi, B., Weinstein, A.G., & Hook, F.B. (2002). Pregnancy outcomes in urban teenagers. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 79, 117-122. Nicoletti, A. (2003). The Depressed Teen and Contraception. Journal of Pediatric &Adolescent Gynecology, 16, 331-332. Nicoletti, A. (2004). Teen Pregnancy Prevention Issues. Journal of Pediatric & Adolescent & Gynecology, 17, 155-156.

    18. Bibliography, continued Pfitzner, M., Hoff C., & McElligot, K. (2003). Predictors of Repeat Pregnancy in a Program for Pregnant Teens. Journal of Pediatric & Adolescent Gynecology, 16(2), 77-81. Sunner, J., Nakamura, S., & Caulfield, R. (2003) Kids Having Kids: Models of Intervention. Early Childhood Education Journal, 31(1), 71-74. Tonelli, M. (2004). The Continuing Challenge of Teen Pregnancy. Journal of Pediatric & Adolescent Gynecology, 17, 69-70.