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SLAVERY. Quick History. Portugal – 1 st in slave trade Sugar plantations need lots of labor. Cash crops are usually labor intensive! By 18 th Century, 9/10 slaves are working on plantations. Black “ Gold ”. Europeans still going to Africa for gold
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Quick History • Portugal – 1st in slave trade • Sugar plantations need lots of labor Cash crops are usually labor intensive! By 18th Century, 9/10 slaves are working on plantations.
Black “Gold” • Europeans still going to Africa for gold • Also looking for black gold. What does that mean?
Some ate clay • Slaves were marched from the interior of Africa to Port Cities (2 months)
Slaves were branded at this time Barracoons, cont’d
Chains • 2-3 week wait before ship is full • Confined below deck • Suicide and uprisings most likely at this time • Hot coals used to burn lips. Why? • Women raped and sent below the deck again
Array • Ship captains would try to get slaves with different culturesand languages • ½ year away from home to new “residence” • Climate • Food • Everything
Surviving the Middle Passage • 10% – 20% dies crossing the Atlantic Ocean
America • First African slaves in America brought to Jamestown in 1619 • Slavery institutionalized in many states by 1640 • Slaves became “chattel” property
Amistad • ". . . each of them are natives of Africa and were born free, and ever since have been and still of right are and ought to be free and not slaves . . ." • S. Staples, R. Baldwin, and T. Sedgewick, Proctors for the Amistad Africans, January 7, 1840
We are more alike than different. No human is more human than another. • Maya Angelou http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CqBBoCp_Zu8&NR=1&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active