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states' rights. slavery. The Presidential Election of 1860. The Southerners threatened to secede from the Union if Abe Lincoln, a Republican, was elected president. Lincoln ’ s name wasn ’ t even on the Texas ballot!. Lincoln wins!.
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states' rights slavery
The Presidential Election of 1860 • The Southerners threatened to secede from the Union if Abe Lincoln, a Republican, was elected president. • Lincoln’s name wasn’t even on the Texas ballot! Lincoln wins!
I would save this Union if I could; but it is my deliberate impression that it cannot now be done. -Louis T. Wigfall U. S. Senator from Texas December 6, 1860
The Secession Convention in Texas • Judge Oran Roberts (of the Texas Supreme Court) was elected to lead the meeting held on January 28, 1861. • The meeting was intense as they voted 166 to 8 to adopt an Ordinance of secession. • ordinance – an official order • Texans voted for Secession on February 23, 1861, and joined the Confederate States of America or shortened: The Confederacy.
“To secede from the Union and set up another government would cause war. If you go to war with the United States, you will never conquer her, as she has the money and men. If she does not whip you by guns, powder, and steel, she will starve you to death…” Governor Sam Houston
Sam Houston was Governor • Houston was against Texas’s secession. • After secession passed Houston hoped Texas would then remain independent, instead of joining the Confederacy. • President Lincoln offered Houston the use of 2,700 federal troops to keep Texas in the Union. • Houston said no. • He stated that he had always fought for Texas and would not fight against it now. http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://gladstone.uoregon.edu/~lmortins/civilwar/Confederate%2520Flag.jpg&imgrefurl=http://gladstone.uoregon.edu/~lmortins/civilwar/&h=189&w=288&sz=20&tbnid=-QffZfXlR3oJ:&tbnh=72&tbnw=110&start=1&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dconfederate%2Bflag%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D
Sam Houston refused to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy, and therefore, he was deposed (removed) from his position as governor. "Let me tell you what is coming. After the sacrifice of countless millions of treasure and hundreds of thousands of lives you may win Southern independence, but I doubt it. The North is determined to preserve this Union.” –Sam Houston
Sam Houston Dies • Houston returned to Huntsville, Texas and died July 26, 1863. The statue of Sam Houston in Huntsville His last words were "Texas. Texas. Margaret". (Margaret was his wife)
1861 Fort Sumter Today • After Texas joined the Confederacy, all of the Federal (U.S.) troops in Texas were forced to surrender. • However, Federal Troops at Fort Sumter in South Carolina refused to leave the fort. So on April 12, 1861, Confederate cannon began firing at Fort Sumter, to begin the Civil War.
U.S. Navy U.S. Navy The north used a blockade on Texas and the Gulf coast to stop all trading of cotton and war supplies. This was called the “Anaconda Plan”. It was meant to starve and divide the south and not let it trade with Europe
Texas Battles • Galveston • (Jan 1863) • Sabine Pass • (Sept 1863) • Mansfield • (Apr 1864) Galveston All Confederate Victories Sabine Pass
So if Texas wasn’t part of the U.S. anymore, that means Texas could capture new territory right? SANTA FE!!!!!
Texas tries to take Santa Fe and New Mexico…again • In 1862, in an effort to spread Confederate control west and seize gold and silver mines, Brigadier General Henry Hopkins Sibley had 3,500 Texan soldiers invade New Mexico. The Texan army won at the Battle of Valverde, took Santa Fe but was defeated at the Battle of Glorieta Pass and limped back to Texas
Civil War Nomenclature The United States -The North -The Union -Federal Troops -Yankees -Blue The Confederacy -The South -Rebels or Rebs -Johnny Rebs -Grey -Dixie or Dixieland
The Flags of the Civil War The Lone Star Flag
The Flag of the Confederacy The Stars and Bars First Flag of the Confederacy
The Second Flag of the Confederacy • The Stainless Banner
The Controversial Battle Flag • Used in Battle. Notice it is square
The Naval Jack • Flag was actually used by Confederate Navy
Regiment Flags • 40th Mississippi Infantry Regiment Battle Flag • Terry’s Texas Rangers
Irish Confederates • Hood’s Texas Brigade
Flags of the Union • Pre-War 33 Stars • During the war 35 stars for 35 states. Confederate states were included.
Regiment Flags • 144th Regiment, New York Volunteers • 20th Maine. Heroes of Gettysburg