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Spread of Protestantism

Spread of Protestantism

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Spread of Protestantism

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  1. Spread of Protestantism

  2. Anabaptists • Characteristics • Voluntary association of believers with no connection or allegiance to any state • No childhood baptism • Believed end of the world was near • Rejected idea of Trinity

  3. John of Leyden • Anabaptist who took control of the German city of Munster • Polygamy was instituted • All books except the Bible were burned • Began killing some Lutherans and Catholics • Tragedy at Munster • Armies of Catholic and Protestant forces captured city and executed Anabaptist leaders

  4. Impact of Anabaptists • Mennonites • Founded by Menno Simmons • Emphasized pacifism • Quakers • Similar beliefs of Mennonites, mostly in England • Unitarians • Reject the Trinity

  5. Ulrich Zwingli • Swiss Reformation • Believed Bible should be the sole authority • Saw the Eucharist (Lord’s Supper) as symbolic, disagreeing with Luther • Split from Luther in 1529

  6. Calvinism • John Calvin • Influenced by humanism • Exiled to Switzerland due to his reform • Institutes of the Christian Religion • Calvin’s foundational work for Calvinism • Predestination • “Good works” is not sufficient • No free will since God already knows

  7. Calvinism • Geneva became home to Protestant exiles • Calvinists emphasized the importance of hard work and accompanying financial success as a sign that God was pleased

  8. Impact of Calvinism • Presbyterianism • Established by John Knox • Became dominant religion of Scotland • Huguenots • French Calvinists, dealt with social classes • Dutch Reformed Church • Netherlands, set stage for revolt against the king • Puritans • England, established colonies in America (NE, Mass, Conn)