Protestantism By Stephen Church
Protestantism Facts • 500 Million Followers • Originated in Germany in the 16th Century • Main branches of Protestantism: • Methodist • Presbyterian • Baptist • Lutheran • Episcopal
Beginnings of Protestantism • Began as a reaction toward Roman Catholic beliefs and practices in the early 16th century • Their name originates from the group of people that held a protest declaring that if they were forced to chose, they would chose to obey God rather than obeying Caesar. • The term Protestant eventually denoted anybody standing by the Reformation ideals.
Major Figures • The Trinity which includes: • God • The Creator of the Universe • The Supreme Being • Jesus • Son of God • Conquered sin when he resurrected from the grave • Holy Spirit • The Spirit that dwells in a person who has received salvation through faith by God
Core Beliefs • Protestants believe/view: • In the Trinity which is made up of three persons in one that consists of God, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit • That salvation is obtainable by God’s forgiving grace • That no intercessory needed to receive forgiveness from God. • Jesus as fully divine and fully human. • That those with faith in God go to Heaven after death, and those without faith in God go to Hell.
Core Beliefs Cont’d • That the Bible was written by people inspired by God and it is Holy. Protestants believe the Bible is the only holy text to go by. • Protestants believe the purpose of life is to glorify God and to serve God and others. • Protestants believe salvation is a gift from God, that is granted by faith.
Comparing Protestantism and Catholicism Similarities Differences Both beliefs use the Bible as their only Holy book Both believe in the Trinity Both believe in the divinity of Jesus Catholics believe that their salvation has to be maintained through good works, but protestants believe salvation is retained no matter the actions taken place after salvation. Catholics believe that there should be one ruler, the pope, who enforces certain doctrines required for all members, but Protestants believe churches should be independent of each other, and not ruled by one supreme person.