Positive Behavior Supports Kristin Merica Liberty University
Discipline is the action parents and teachers take to increase student success. - Terrance Scott FCPS Training August 2005
Brief Overview • Simonsen, Sugai, & Negron,(2008)found that implementing a PBS system improves academic performance, decreases inappropriate behavior, and improves the time management of teachers and administrators.
Recent Research • A study conducted by McCurdy, Manella, & Eldridge (2003) showed implementing a PBS system decreases the number of referrals, suspensions, and the demonstration of anti-social behaviors. • Research conducted by Lane et al (2008) also suggests that certain things most occur and without them, the systems are less effective.
Why PBS? • Defines student expectations • Teaches student expectations • Rewards positive behaviors • Prevents negative behaviors • Defines consequences for inappropriate behavior
Supporting Social Competence & Academic Achievement SYSTEMS DATA Supporting Decision Making Supporting Staff Behavior PRACTICES Supporting Student Behavior
Tertiary Prevention: Specialized Individualized Systems for Students with High-Risk Behavior CONTINUUM OF SCHOOL-WIDE INSTRUCTIONAL & POSITIVE BEHAVIOR SUPPORT ~5% Secondary Prevention: Specialized Group Systems for Students with At-Risk Behavior ~15% Primary Prevention: School-/Classroom- Wide Systems for All Students, Staff, & Settings ~80% of Students
How Do We Make it effective • Collaboration - work as a team • Consensus - Agree and stick by agreements • Consistency - across time, adults, students • Logical and Realistic Solutions • Teach and Facilitate Success • Measure and Evaluate • Sustain with Data-Based Decision-Making
Examples of Effective PBS SYSTEMS in schools • http://pbis.org/swpbs_videos/pbs_video-creating_the_culture.aspx
Remember, “Student behavior will not change until adult behaviors and expectations change” Terrance Scott FCPS Training August 2005
References • Lane, K. L., Kalberg, J. R.,Bruhn, A. L., Mahoney, M. E. & Driscoll, S.A. (2008). Primary prevention programs at the elementary level: Issues of treatment integrity, systematic screening, and reinforcement. Education & Treatment of Children, 31, 465-494. • McCurdy, B.L., Manella, M.C., & Eldridge, N. (2003). Positive behavior support in urban schools: Can we prevent the escalation of antisocial behavior? Journal of Positive Behavior Intervention, 5, 158-170. • Scott, T. M., Park, K. L., Swain-Bradway, J., & Landers, Eric. (2007) Positive behavior support in the classroom: Facilitating behaviorally inclusive learning environments. International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, 3, 223-235. • www.pbis.org • E. Meade,Personal Communication. July 19, 2010