American Values and Chinese Values ESL 156 M1567 Comparative Culture Studies Instructor: Lyra Riabov Presenter: Meng, Na October 21th, 2008
Outline • Factors that affect life in USA • Factors that affect life in China • American Values • Chinese Values • Ethnic diversity and size of USA and China • Melting pot and Salad bowl, Confucianism • Combined class • Conclusion
The size of the country Ethnic diversity Immigrants Terrorism Population The size of the country Ethnic groups Development Factors that affect lifeUSA China
American Values • Individual freedom and self-reliance • Equality of opportunity and Competition • Hard work
Chinese Values • Collectivism • Harmony • Family • Peacefulness is prized
Ethnic diversity and size USA 305 million people 9,826,630 square kilometers White Americans (75.1%) Black Americans (12.3%) Asian Americans (3.6%) Two or more races (2.4%) Native Americans (0.9%) Native Hawaiians (0.1%) Others (5.5%)
Ethnic diversity and size China 1.3 billion people 9,600,000 square kilometers 56 ethnic groups Han people ( 91.59%) Other ethnic groups ( 8.41%)
Melting pot and Salad bowl • Israel Zangwill first used the term melting pot to describe the USA. • Since the 1960s, the salad bowl theory was put forward by some sociologists and historians.
Chinese Confucianism • Confucianism is a Chinese ethical and philosophical system originally developed from the teachings of the fifth century BCE. Chinese philosopher Confucius • Analects of Confucius
My partner and me KelseyVivian
Conclusion • Different countries have different values. • We should preserve and protect our positive values. • We should respect other countries’ values. • We should learn values with good understanding of culture.
References • American way • www.baidu.com • http://baike.baidu.com/view/61891.htm • http://baike.baidu.com/view/2398.htm • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/china • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States