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Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great

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Alexander the Great

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  1. Alexander the Great

  2. (356 BCE-323 BCE) • conquered most of the ancient world from Asia Minor to Egypt and India • began the Hellenistic culture • which was a blending of Greek, Persian, Indian, and Egyptian influences

  3. Augustus

  4. (63 BCE – 14 CE) • First emperor of Rome (27 BCE – 14 CE) • restored order and prosperity to the Empire after nearly a century of turmoil • Grandnephew to Julius Caesar

  5. JuliusCaesar

  6. (100-44 BCE) • Roman general and statesman • is responsible for setting up the imperial system in Rome • his grandnephew was Augustus later took the throne.

  7. Catherine the Great

  8. An enlightened despot who ruled over Russia • responsible for many positive changes in Russia • as well as securing the country a warm water port

  9. Charlemagne

  10. 768-841A.D. • Unified much of W. Europe for the first time since the Roman empire • Crowned “Emperor of the Romans” by Pope Leo III • Responsible for spreading Christianity to much of Europe

  11. ChristopherColumbus

  12. (1451-1506) • Italian explorer working for Spain • In 1492 crossed the Atlantic Ocean and discovered the Americas for Spain

  13. Confucius

  14. (551-479 BCE?) • Chinese philosopher • writer of The Analects • a collection of moral and social teachings, including the concept of the Five Relationships. • Also known as Kong Fu Zi

  15. HernanCortez

  16. (1485-1547) • Spanish conquistador • responsible for the conquest of the Aztec Empire • claimed much of Central America for the Spanish

  17. Dalai Lama

  18. The spiritual leader of the Tibetan sect of Buddhism • considered to be the reincarnation of the bodhisattva, or "buddha-to-be"

  19. Elizabeth I

  20. (1533-1603) • Queen of England and Ireland between 1558 and 1603 • She was an absolute monarch • considered to be one of the most successful rulers of all time

  21. GalileoGalilei

  22. (1564-1642) • Italian astronomer • One of the founders of Europe's scientific revolution • one of his main contributions is the application of the telescope to astronomy • He was able to prove Copernicus’ heliocentric model correct

  23. Genghis Khan

  24. (1167?-1227) • One of the Mongol’s greatest leaders • founder of the Mongol Empire

  25. Ibn Battuta

  26. (1304-1368) • MUSLIM SCHOLAR – KNOWN FOR EXTENSIVE TRAVELS • OVER 30 YEARS VISITED MOST OF THE MUSLIM WORLD (including Mali)

  27. JohannesGutenberg

  28. (1400?-1468) • German printer • European pioneer in the use of movable type • Inventor of the printing press

  29. Louis XIV

  30. (1638-1715) • Known as the Sun King • he was an absolute monarch that completely controlled France • One of his greatest accomplishments was the building of the palace at Versailles

  31. MartinLuther

  32. (1483-1546) • Theologian and religious reformer • started the Reformation with his 95 Theses • protested church corruption, namely the sale of indulgences

  33. NiccoloMachiavelli

  34. (1469-1527) • Italian historian, statesman, and political philosopher of the Renaissance • greatest work is The Prince • a book of political advice to rulers in which he describes the methods that a prince should use to acquire and maintain political power • This book was used to defend policies of despotism and tyranny. • Machiavelli wrote that a ruler should take any action to remain in power, or that “the ends justifies the means.”

  35. FerdinandMagellan

  36. (1480?-1521) • Spanish explorer • first to circumnavigate the globe

  37. Mansa Musa

  38. Emperor of the kingdom of Mali in Africa • made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca • established trade routes to the Middle East • Helped bring Islam to Africa

  39. Marco Polo

  40. (1254-1324) • Italian explorer and author • He made numerous trips to China and returned to Europe to write of his journeys • responsible for much of the knowledge exchanged between Europe and China during this time period

  41. Michelangelo

  42. (1475-1564) • An Italian sculptor, painter, poet, engineer, and architect. • Famous works include the mural on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, and the sculpture of the biblical character David.

  43. Muhammad

  44. Prophet of Allah • founder of Islam

  45. Pericles

  46. (495? BCE-429? BCE) • Athenian statesman • the central ruler of Athens during its golden age that occurred in the 5th century BCE. • the central patron behind many of their achievements • a very skilled speaker

  47. Peter the Great

  48. (1672-1725) • Czar of Russia • He was responsible for the westernization of Russia in the 18th century

  49. Philip II

  50. (1527-1598) • King of Spain from 1556 to 1598 • Absolute monarch who helped lead the Counter Reformation by persecuting Protestants in his holdings • sent the Spanish Armada against England