elements and principles of design n.
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  1. ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN the building blocks used to create a work of art

  2. ELEMENTS OF ART • Line • Shape • Form • Value • Color • Space • Volume/Mass

  3. LINE An extended point; with length and direction Can you Name some types of lines?

  4. Wassily Kandinsky • Russian-born artist • 1866-1944 • one of the first creators of pure abstraction in modern painting "Composition VIII", 1923Composition VIII reflects the influence of Suprematism and Constructivism He uses different colors within the forms to energize their geometry: a yellow circle with blue halo versus blue circle with yellow halo; a right angle filled with blue and an acute angle colored pink.

  5. Jackson Pollock • American Painter • 1912-1956 • the commanding figure of the Abstract Expressionist movement • “Lavender Mist: Number 1”, 1950 • Pollock was the first “all-over‘” painter, pouring paint rather than using brushes and a palette, and abandoning all conventions of a central motif • “The painting has a life of its own. I try to let it come through.” • He painted no image, just ”action”

  6. Piet Mondrian • Dutch Abstract Painter • 1872-1944 • the real artist of geometry, “abstract purity” • “Composition with Red, Yellow, Blue and Black”, 1921 • Mondrian imposed rigorous constraints on himself, using only primary colors, black and white, and straight-sided forms. • he developed a new style of abstract painting, replacing his cluttered canvasses with simplicity

  7. LINE Outline Contour Line Gesture Line

  8. SHAPE A closed line It is 2-D Can be geometric Can be organic

  9. Henri Matisse • French Fauvist Artist • 1869-1954 • “Anfitrite”, 1947 • gouache on paper cut and pasted • Matisse generally cut the shapes out freehand, using a small pair of scissors and saving both the item cut out and remaining scraps of paper.

  10. FORM A 3-D object having volume and thickness

  11. Value Scale • Highlight • Area of Illumination • Half Shade • Deep Shade • Cast Shadow VALUE “tone” The lightness or darkness of an color

  12. Blended • Crosshatch • Hatch • Stipple • Scumble VALUE Techniques

  13. Blended • Crosshatch • Hatch • Stipple • Scumble VALUE Techniques M.C. Escher, Drawing Hands 1948 Lithograph

  14. Blended • Crosshatch • Hatch • Stipple • Scumble VALUE Techniques

  15. Blended • Crosshatch • Hatch • Stipple • Scumble VALUE Techniques M.C. Escher, Hand with Fir Cone 1921 woodcut

  16. Blended • Crosshatch • Hatch • Stipple • Scumble VALUE Techniques

  17. Blended • Crosshatch • Hatch • Stipple • Scumble VALUE Techniques

  18. VALUE Drawing Pencil

  19. TEXTURE surface quality either tactile or visual the degree of roughness or smoothness

  20. SPACE the area between and around objects Positive/negative space

  21. COLOR “HUE”: color in it’s pure state Chroma: purity or intensity of color Intensity: bright/dull Value: light/dark

  22. COLOR SCHEMES Monochromatic Analogous Complementary Triadic Tint/Shade Warm/Cool

  23. VOLUME & MASS V: Refers to the space within a form M: the effect and degree of bulk, density, and weight of matter in space Umberto Boccioni, Unique Forms of Continuity in Space, 1913, Bronze

  24. PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN • Emphasis • Balance • Rhythm • Harmony • Movement • Proportion • Unity & Variety • Repetition • Pattern • Contrast

  25. EMPAHSIS Focal Point area that first attracts attention in a composition

  26. symmetrical or evenly balanced BALANCE feeling of visual equality in shape, form, value, color, etc… asymmetrical and un-evenly balanced

  27. RHYTHM A visual tempo or beat regular repetition of elements of art to produce the look and feel of movement. Henri Matisse, “Dance (I)”, 1909

  28. HARMONY A way of combining elements of art to accent their similarities and bind the picture parts into a whole. Henri Matisse, “Dance (I)”, 1909

  29. MOVEMENT A way of combining visual elements to produce a sense of implied action. Pablo Picasso, “Starry Night”, 1889

  30. PROPORTION size relationship of parts to a whole and to one another. Leonardo da Vinci , “Vitruvian Man”, 1480

  31. UNITY & VARIETY Unity: The quality of wholeness or oneness; when the components of a work of art are perceived as harmonious, giving the work a sense of completion. Variety: adds interest by using contrasting elements within the composition; an assortment.

  32. UNITY & VARIETY WasilyKandinsky, “Several Circles”, 1926

  33. REPETITION Element occurring more than once Repetition with Variation is interesting, without variation repetition can become monotonous

  34. PATTERN The repetition of anything - shapes, lines, or colors in a planned way Also called a motif, in a design M.C. Escher, Path of Life III 1966 woodcut in red and black, printed from 2 blocks

  35. CONTRAST when two related elements are different. using opposing qualities next to each other. For example, black and white Contrast adds variety to the total design and creates unity. Georges La tour, Joseph the Carpenter 1645, Louvre, Paris

  36. References Alpha Books. (2013). [Online image]. Retrieved from http://idiotsguides.com/static/quickguides/artphotography/drawing-101-shading-techniques.html Chiang, H. C. (2014). Drawings. Retrieved from http://www.physicschick.com/personal.shtml Christus Rex Project. (2000). Joseph the Carpenter. Retrieved from http://www.christusrex.org/www2/art/Latour.htm Duey, B. (2008). [Online image]. http://www.dueysdrawings.com/shading_tutorial.html Fussell, M. (2010). Use Positive and Negative Space to Enhance Your Art Compositions. Retrieved from http://thevirtualinstructor.com/blog/use-positive-and-negative-space-to-enhance-your-art-compositions Ibiblio.org. (2010). Vitruvian Man. Retrieved from http://sunsite.unc.edu/wm/paint/auth/vinci/sketch/proports.jpg Labyrinth Conceptions. (2006). [Online image]. Retrieved form http://www.homeschoolarts.com/pi-l1-4.htm Lukyanov, I. (2010). [Online image]. Retrieved from http://drawingsketchaday.blogspot.com/2010/06/realistic-hand-sketch-drawing.html McArdle, T. (2014). [Online image]. http://www.art-is-fun.com/henna-hand-designs.html Pioch, N. (2002). Jackson Pollock. Retrieved from http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/pollock/lavender-mist/ Printable Colouring Pages. (2011). Geometric Shapes Color. Retrieved from http://printablecolouringpages.co.uk/?s=triangles&page=2 Rummyhunny. (2010). Color!. Retrieved from http://rummyhunny.blogspot.com/2010/11/i-understand-them.html Sofia Learning, LLC. (2014). [Online image]. Retrieved from http://www.sophia.org/download/ckeditor%2Fpictures/2940/data/content/unity%20variety.jpg?1310621834 Succession H. Matisse. (2011). Paper Cut Outs. Retrieved from http://www.henri-matisse.net/cut_outs.html The Metropolitan Museum of Art. (2013). Unique Forms of Continuity in Space. Retrieved form http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/1990.38.3 The Modern Museum of Art. (2014). Composition with Red, Blue, Black, Yellow, and Gray. Retrieved form http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=79002 The Modern Museum of Art. (2014). Paris, Boulevard des Invalides. Retrieved from http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=79124 The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation. (2014). Vasily Kandinsky. Retrieved from http://www.guggenheim.org/new-york/education/school-educator-programs/teacher-resources/arts-curriculum-online?view=item&catid=716&id=150 Today in Art. (2014). [Online image]. Retrieved from http://todayinart.com/2009/12/8-drawing-exercises-that-every-artist-should-practice/ Van Gogh Gallery. (2013). Starry, Starry Night. Retrieved from http://www.vangoghgallery.com/painting/starry-night.html Word Press. (2012). Color Wheel. Retrieved from http://painting-course.com/595/color-theory/wheel-for-painting/ Word Press. (2012). Drawing Lines. Retrieved from http://painting-course.com/98/drawing-lessons/drawing-lines/