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Elements and Principles of Design

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  1. Elements: Line Shape Form Color Value Texture Space Principles: Balance Emphasis & Focal Point Movement Contrast Variety Pattern & Repetition Unity Harmony/Gestalt Elements and Principles of Design

  2. Line A line is defined as a mark with length and direction, created by a point that moves across a surface. A line can vary in length, width, direction, curvature, and color. Contour, Diagonal, Broken, Curved, Outline, Implied, Vertical, zigzag, Horizontal, Wavy, Slanted, Continuous, Solid, Narrow, Bold Jasper Johns, 0-9 (continuous line) Gesture drawing

  3. line Jackson Pollock, Autumn Rhythm

  4. LINE Andy Goldsworthy

  5. Keith Haring

  6. Shape Shape is an enclosed space defined by other elements of art. Shape is 2-Dimensional Shape can be: Geometric: Angular, man-made concept Organic: curvilinear - found in nature Fernana Leger, The City Matisse, from the series “Jazz”

  7. Picasso, Three Musicians

  8. FORM 3 Dimensional Shape. Volume

  9. MC Escher, Self Portrait

  10. Vincent Van Gogh, Shoes Tamara de Lempicka Portrait of Ira P. 1925

  11. Value An element of art that refers to luminance or luminosity – the lightness or darkness of a color. Value is an especially important element in works of art when color is absent. This is particularly likely with drawings, printmaking, and photographs Kathe Kollwitz, Self portrait

  12. Value Chuck Close (made w/ thumbprints!) Edward Weston, Pepper (photograph)

  13. Texture Texture refers to the surface quality or "feel" of an object, such as roughness, smoothness, or softness. Actual texture can be felt while simulated textures are implied by the way the artist renders the surface area Oppenheim Fur-lined cup

  14. Texture Actual and Implied Albrecht Durer Rhinocerus Golsdworthy

  15. Color Is an element of art with three properties 1) Hue, the name of the color, e.g. red, yellow, etc. 2) Intensity or the purity and strength of the color 3) Value, or the lightness or darkness of the color Jasper Johns, Target (primary colors) Delauney

  16. Primary Colors

  17. Wassily Kandinsky Piet Mondrian

  18. Warm Colors • Colors that are often described as being higher in temperature • Reds, oranges, yellows • Associated with fire and sun • Optically, appear to advance • Stimulating and passionate

  19. Ex. Warm

  20. Cool • Colors that are often described as being lower in temperature • Greens, Blues, and Violet • Associated with water, sky, and spring • Optically, they appear to recede • Calming and depressing

  21. Ex. Cool

  22. Color and Mood Van Gogh, the Night Cafe Picasso, the Old Guitarist

  23. Space Space is the empty or open area between, around, above, below, or within objects. Shapes and forms are made by the space around and within them. Space is often called three-dimensional or two- dimensional. MC Escher

  24. Space Positive space is filled by a shape or form. Negative space surrounds a shape or form.

  25. Space/DepthMay be created by overlapping, change in scale, perspective placement, color theory, or projection toward the viewer. David Hockney Place Furstenberg, Paris, August 7,8,9, 1985 -#11985

  26. Balance Balance is a sense of stability in the body of work. Balance can be symmetrical (formal) or assymmetrical (informal) Wayne Thiebaud, Around the Cake (formal balance)

  27. Symmetrical/Formal Balance Diane Arbus, Twins

  28. Symmetrical Balance Leonardo da Vinci, The Last Supper 1495-1498

  29. Asymmetrical Balance Edgar Degas (informal balance)

  30. Asymmetrical Balance

  31. Variety When elements are changed in scale, color, or form. Stuart Davis Andy Warhol

  32. Movement Movement adds excitement to your work by showing action and directing the viewers eye throughout the picture plane. Edward Munch, the Scream

  33. Movement Umberto Boccioni, Unique forms of continuity in space Marcel Duchamp, Nude Descending Staircase

  34. Dominance & Subordination The part of a composition that is emphasized, has the greatest visual weight, the most important, powerful, or has the most influence.

  35. Emphasis & Focal Point Emphasis - Any forcefulness that gives importance to some feature or features of an artwork; something singled out, stressed, or drawn attention to by means of contrast, anomaly, or counterpointFocal Point = portion of an artwork's composition on which interest or attention centers David Hockney

  36. Emphasis & Focal Point Barbara Kruger Rene Magritte

  37. Pattern & Repetition Involves multiples of the same element. Repeated elements can vary in size, color, or axis placement. Repeated elements can create a pattern. The use of repetition may be applied to all Visual Elements. Motion can be created by repetition. William Morris Arts and Crafts Movement

  38. Pattern & Repetition Chuck Close, Self Portrait, detail

  39. Contrast A large difference between two things, such as light and shadow, color and black/white Andy Warhol

  40. Contrast David, the Death of Marat

  41. Economy

  42. Unity & Harmony The quality of wholeness or oneness (Gestalt) that is achieved through the effective use of the elements and principles of design. Claude Monet Haystacks

  43. Unity Cezanne Wayne Theibaud

  44. Unity Van Gogh “Starry Night”

  45. What Elements and Principles stand out?

  46. What Elements and Principles stand out? Goya, “The 5th of May”

  47. What Elements and Principles stand out? Gauguin

  48. What Elements and Principles stand out?