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American Foreign Policy

American Foreign Policy

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American Foreign Policy

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  1. American Foreign Policy 1789-1824

  2. Washington’s Neutrality Proclamation (1793) • Response to Great Britain & France @ war • Went against Franco-American Alliance of 1778 • Nation was too young, weak • Appeal to citizens • Upsets JDRs

  3. Citizen Genet Affair (1793) • Arouse American unity • Take advantage of Franco-American alliance • Threatens to go over G.W.s head • Embarrasses JDRs

  4. Jay’s Treaty (1794) • John Jay (justice) • JDRs thought he would sell out U.S. • Didn’t win many concessions • Brits armed Indians, seized ships, impressed soldiers

  5. Pinckney’s Treaty (1795) • Consequence of Jay’s Treaty • Spain fears Anglo alliance • Gave U.S. navigation of Miss. River & Florida • Benefits farmers in west

  6. Treaty of Greenville (1795) • Signed after Battle of Fallen Timbers • Indians cede claims to Ohio Valley and abandon the British

  7. Washington’s Farewell Address (1796) • Set precedent • Did not oppose all alliances but favored only temporary alliances • Adams is elected; inherits quarrel with France

  8. XYZ Affair (1797) • France’s response to U.S. treaty w/ G.B. • Seized 300 ships by 1787 (mid) • Adams sent team of 3, were bribed; wanted to see Talleyrand • 1798-1800 undeclared war with France

  9. Convention of 1800 • Annuls Franco-American Alliance

  10. Louisiana Purchase (1803) • Napoleon hoped U.S. would become military power • Jefferson in dilemma; not constitutional • Doubled size of U.S.: valley of democracy

  11. Embargo Act (1807) • Jefferson shut down all U.S. trade • Repealed in 1809 • Replaced by Non Intercourse Act

  12. Non Intercourse Act (1809) • Passed as Jefferson left office • Repealed embargo • Embargo/Non intercourse was 3 times more expensive than war

  13. Macon’s Bill # 2 (1811) • Permits trade with everyone • Bad faith of France • 1st step towards war

  14. War of 1812 • Free trade, sailors rights • National disunity • Victories • Losses

  15. Treaty of Ghent (1814) • Mediated by Russia • Armistice • No territory lost • Sectionalism : a political philosophy, prominent in the United States in the decades before the Civil War that favored the needs and outlook of one's section of the country over the needs and outlook of the country as a whole • Increase in national unity

  16. Rush-Bagot Treaty (1817) • Limited naval armaments of Great Lakes

  17. Treaty of 1818 • Share fisheries with Canada • Fixed U.S./Canada border • 10 year joint occupation of Oregon territory

  18. Adams-Onis Treay (1819) • Between Spain & U.S. • Andrew Jackson • John Quincy Adams negotiates • Oregon claims

  19. Monroe Doctrine (1823) • Masterminded by John Quincy Adams • Message to world: hands off!