The Bill of Rights: The First Amendment Chapter 4 Section 1
Vocabulary: • Civil Liberties – freedoms to think and act without government interference • Freedom of Religion – the right to practice any faith, government may not favor any faith over another • Freedom of Speech – the right to say what is on one’s mind without fear of punishment by the government • Freedom of Press- the right to express oneself in print, extended to all media
Vocabulary (continued): • Censorship – banning printed or filmed materials because they may be offensive • Freedom of Assembly – the right to gather in groups • Freedom of Petition- the right to request from the government • Petition – a formal request, usually a specific kind of document with a statement and signatures of many citizens
Vocabulary (continued): • Slander – hurting a person’s reputation with spoken lies • Libel – hurting a person’s reputation with written lies
1. What five basic freedoms does the first amendment protect? • Religion • Speech • Press • Assembly • Petition
2. What does freedom of religion prevent congress from establishing in the United States? • An official religion of the United States
3. Who was Mary Beth Tinker? What was she famous for? • A 13 year old student in 1965 who was suspended for wearing a black arm band to school in protest of the Vietnam War • Her case made it all the way to the Supreme Court where they ruled that their arm bands were protected by the 1st amendment right of Freedom of Speech • Stated that a student does not leave their rights when they enter school
4. What does freedom of the press ensure for Americans? • That Americans will be exposed to a wide variety of viewpoints
5. Freedom of Assembly exists as long as the groups are _____. Peaceful
6.Freedom of Assembly also applies to the ability for people to join what types of organizations? • Social Groups, Political Parties, and Labor Unions • This is Freedom of Association
7. Why do you think politicians would care about the right to petition? • They need a way to be able to hear what the people want so that they can get reelected.
8. What are some ways that freedom of speech is limited? • No person can bring danger to the government or other citizens • No person can provoke a riot or violence • No person can speak in a way that leads to criminal activity or overthrowing the government • In school students may not interfere with someone’s right to learn
9. What does it mean for citizens to use their civil liberties responsibly? • They may not interfere with the rights of others.
10. Why is unlimited freedom impossible? • The rights of the person must balance with the rights of the community or society will fall apart.