Quiz • What does the “Magna Carta” literally mean? • Between 400-500 AD, what two Germanic tribes settled in England? • William the Conqueror conducted a census of England and recorded it all in the ___________ Book. • Henry II created the ________ system, which was a group of men sworn to speak the truth. • What happened to the Archbishop of Canterbury (Thomas Becket) as he clashed with the orders of Henry II?
Magna Carta • Nobles had rights • Extended to all English citizens • Monarch must obey laws • Protected freemen from arbitrary arrest, imprisonment, and other legal actions • Due process of law • Habeas Corpus • No person can be held in prison without being charged with a crime • No new taxes without consulting his Great Council of Lords • No taxation without representation?