Magna Carta By: Taylor, Tori, Arlie
What is the Magna Carta? • The Magna Carta is an English legal document written in 1215 CE which had a huge influence on the developing legal system of England • Magna Carta was the first document forced onto an English charter • The charter was an important part of the extensive historical process that led to the rule of constitutional lawin the English speaking world • laid out laws that even the King of England had to follow • it guaranteed certain freedoms to the common people. The idea caught on and helped shape where we are now in our free country • The Magna Carta was a contract between the king/queen, and the nobles of England • It limited the power of the king/queen, and it forced them to govern according to the law (e.g. he could not put any innocent person in jail; he could not collect money from anyone without a reason, etc.)
Pictures of the Magna Carta King John, King of England
Purpose of the Magna Carta • Magna Carta was the first document forced onto an English King by a group of his subjects, in an attempt to limit his powers by law and protect their privileges • The purpose of the MagnaCarta was to curb the King and make him govern by the old English laws that had prevailed before the Normans came
What We Have Taken From the Magna Carta? • the Magna Carta initiated the first constitutional legal system to limit the exercise of absolute power • It is now widely accepted as an icon of freedom under the rule of law
What Does the Magna Carta Say? • Magna Carta includes very few statements of legal principle • the majority of the 63 clauses in the charter deal with the detail of feudal rights and customs, and the administration of justice • The magna carter limited the power throughout the colonies and stated the rights for citizens and limited King Johns power as king. • The influence ofthe MagnaCarta can be seen in the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights
When and Where was the Magna CartaSigned? • The Magna Carta was signed on June 15th 1215 at Runnymede, which is located south west of London. • Why did King John sign the Magna Carta? • King John signed the Magna Carta because his people were unhappy and he knew that he couldn’t rule peacefully anymore. • There was also a civil war going on in England and King John knew he would not prevail. So, he signed the Magna Carta to end the war.