Call to Order Why is “Free Men Vote” a good way to remember the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments?
Objective HWBAT evaluate the power struggle between the president and Congress during reconstruction. (5.1.1.b) Essential Questions: Would either of the reconstruction plans have been revolutionary? How did Andrew Johnson keep the Congressional Plan from being revolutionary?
At the heart of reconstruction were two issues: • The political and economic relationship between the North and South • The political and economic status of free slaves
I. Lincoln’s Plan for Reconstruction • Pardoning Confederate officials • Allowing Confederate states to quickly form new governments and send representatives to Congress • Lincoln assassinated in 1865
II. Andrew Johnson’s Plan for Reconstruction (Presidential Plan) • Believed reconstruction was the job of the president, not Congress. • Each new state government would have to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment. • They had to accept the supreme power of the federal government. He thought that every state should have to pledge loyalty to the United States.
III. Radical Republicans’ Plan (Congressional Plan) • Congress would absolutely play a role in reconstruction. • States HAD to ratify the 14th amendment • Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner wanted full and equal citizenship for African Americans
IV. Tension Mounts • Congress wanted all states to grant citizenship • Congress passes Civil Rights Act of 1866 • Andrew Johnson vetoes it • Congress passes 14th Amendment • Most southern states won’t ratify it (except Tennessee) • Congress sends military down to reestablish governments in South • 14th Amendment ratified • Johnson continues to fight against Congressional reforms • Congress passes the Tenure of Office Act 1867 saying that president cannot fire people without Senate approval • Johnson fires Edwin Stanton, secretary of war, over reconstruction disagreement • Congress impeaches Johnson
The root cause of Andrew Johnson’s impeachment was a disagreement over reconstruction.