Call to Order President Obama says that the government doesn’t have enough money to pay for all of the programs that he wants. Why doesn’t he just print more money?
Why don’t you just print more money? It would be worth a little bit less than it was before because now there’s more money around If you said “inflation” you are right! When there’s too much of something, it loses its value. What happens to the money in your pocket if the gov’t prints up $10,000,000,000 tomorrow? Maybe your dollar buys a candy bar today… … but only a pack of gum tomorrow
Why don’t you just print more money? After World War I, Germany had to pay other countries a lot of money in exchange for starting the war. Their economy was a wreck, so they just printed up billions of dollars. But this can easily spiral out of control… especially if the government keeps printing more and more money. These children are playing with stacks of bills that they turned into building blocks This woman is burning the money to heat her home because it’s cheaper than buying coal
Why don’t you just print more money? The same sort of thing was going on in Zimbabwe not long ago… In the beginning, about 6000 Zimbabwean dollars (Z$) equaled $10 US In a matter of a few years, inflation exploded because Zimbabwe’s government kept printing currency $100 Billion bought 3 eggs. If a candy bar cost $1 in 2007, by mid 2008 it cost $230,000,000
Today’s Objective Students will be able to understand the influence of the Federal Reserve Bank on Monetary Policy by • Completing guided notes • Examining the effects of monetary policy on the money supply • Completing an job performance evaluation for Paycheck #3
Monetary Policy • Policies that affect the nation’s supply of money and credit
Full Employment Stable Prices Consistent Economic Growth Goals of Monetary Policy
The Federal Reserve(The Fed) • The central bank for the U.S. Gov’t • Purpose is to regulate money and ensure a stable economy • Jobs of the Fed: • Prints money • Is the gov’t’s bank • Regulates other banks • Makes loans to banks • Controls the supply of money The Fed
Open Market Operations • Buying and selling securities (loans to the gov’t) Bank of America then loans out money to citizens or businesses The Fed prints money and sells loans to banks Then they use it to buy stuff that they want
Reserve Requirement • The amount of money that the Fed requires banks must hold on to (reserve) High Reserve Requirement means that banks have less money to loan Low Reserve Requirement means that banks have more money to lend.
The Fed increases the reserve requirement The Fed decreases the reserve requirement
Discount Rate • The interest rate charged by the Fed to banks that borrow money • “Interest” is the cost of borrowing money Imagine that Sean wants to borrow $50 from me to buy a uniform shirt and khakis.
DECREASES The Fed raises the discount rate INCREASES The Fed lowers the discount rate
Scenarios • Now, take a look at the following scenarios and determine what the Fed can do to correct the problem.