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Ancient Greeks

Ancient Greeks

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Ancient Greeks

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Ancient Greeks

  2. The Geography of Greece

  3. Archaic Greece: 1650 BCE - 700 BCE

  4. Bronze Age Greece

  5. Crete: Minoan Civilization(Palace at Knossos)

  6. Knossos: Minoan Civilization

  7. Minoan Civilization

  8. The Mycenaean Civilization

  9. Homer: The “Heroic Age”

  10. The Mask of Agamemnon

  11. "Hellenic" (Classical) Greece: 700 BCE - 324 BCE

  12. ATHENS: Yesterday & Today

  13. Piraeus: Athens’ Port City

  14. Early Athenian Lawgivers • Draco • “draconian” • Solon • Cleisthenes • created the first democracy!

  15. Persian Wars: 499 BCE – 480 BCE

  16. Persian Wars: Famous Battles • Marathon (490 BCE) • 26 miles from Athens • Thermopylae (480 BCE) • 300 Spartans at the Mountain pass • Salamis (480 BCE) • Athenian navy victorious

  17. Golden “Age of Pericles”:460 BCE – 429 BCE

  18. Great Athenian Philosophers • Socrates • Know thyself! • question everything • only the pursuit of goodnessbrings happiness. • Plato • The Academy • The world of the FORMS • The Republic philosopher-king

  19. Great Athenian Philosophers • Aristotle • The Lyceum • “Golden Mean” [everything inmoderation]. • Logic. • Scientific method.

  20. Athens: The Arts & Sciences • DRAMA (tragedians): • Aeschylus • Sophocles • Euripides • THE SCIENCES: • Pythagoras • Democritus  all matter made up of small atoms. • Hippocrates  “Father of Medicine”

  21. Phidias’ Acropolis

  22. The Acropolis Today

  23. The Parthenon

  24. The Agora

  25. The Classical Greek “Ideal”

  26. Olympia

  27. The Ancient Olympics:Athletes & Trainers

  28. Olympia: Temple to Hera

  29. The 2004 Olympics

  30. SPARTA

  31. SPARTA Helots Messenians enslaved by the Spartans.

  32. Peloponnesian Wars

  33. Macedonia Under Philip II

  34. "Hellenistic" Greece: 324 BCE - 100 BCE

  35. Alexander the Great

  36. Alexander the Great’s Empire

  37. Alexander the Great in Persia

  38. The Hellenization of Asia

  39. Pergamum: A Hellenistic City

  40. The Economy of the Hellenistic World

  41. Hellenistic Philosophers • Cynics  Diogenes • ignore social conventions & avoid luxuries. • citizens of the world. • live a humble, simple life. • Epicurians  Epicurus • avoid pain & seek pleasure. • all excess leads to pain! • politics should be avoided.

  42. Hellenistic Philosophers • Stoics  Zeno • nature is the expansion of divine will. • concept of natural law. • get involved in politics, not for personal gain, but toperform virtuous acts for the good of all. • true happiness is found ingreat achievements.

  43. Hellenism: The Arts & Sciences • Scientists / Mathematicians: • Aristarchus  heliocentric theory. • Euclid  geometry • Archimedes  pulley • Hellenistic Art: • More realistic; less ideal than Hellenic art. • Showed individual emotions, wrinkles, and age!

  44. The Breakup of Alexander’s Empire