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THE ANCIENT GREEKS

THE ANCIENT GREEKS

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THE ANCIENT GREEKS

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  1. THE ANCIENT GREEKS Chapter 5 Section 3 & 4 Ionia

  2. Age of Pericles (461bc – 429bc) • Goals of Pericles: • Strengthen Democracy • Hold and Strengthen the Empire • Glorify Athens • Athenian Political Life • Direct democracy • Citizens rule directly, not through representatives • Paid public officials, citizen juries, law-making assembly

  3. Funeral Oration- Speech by Pericles • Stressed rights and duties of citizenship • Earliest expressions of democratic ideals • Economic and Cultural Life • Much prosperity • Turned Athens into the cultural center of Greece

  4. Peloponnesian War • Peloponnesian League- to counter Delian League • 431bc – 404bc: Sparta captures Athens • Results: • Ended Athenian domination • But Athens still cultural center • Democratic government suffered • Corruption, self interest replaced ideal of service to the state • Much warfare among the city-states

  5. Alexander the Great • Phillip II- ruler of Macedonia • Father of Alexander • Conquers Greece 338bc • Alexander becomes ruler when Phillip dies • Conquers Persian empire by 331bc • Establishes empire from Greece to Egypt and India • Legacy: • Spread of Greek culture – most lasting achievement • Founded Hellenistic Civilization • Blending of eastern and western cultures • Alexandria- heart of Hellenistic world • Great center of learning • Great opportunities for women