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Past Present Future

Past Present Future

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Past Present Future

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  1. Past Present Future

  2. European Gravitational Observatory EGO “Raison d'être”, origin, structure & future perspectives Federico Ferrini – EGO Director

  3. The history of the project • The VIRGO Collaboration • First studies: • Brillet(Nice): optics • Giazotto(Pisa): seismicisolation • Collaboration Italy - France established in 1992 • CNRS and INFN approved the VIRGO project. • 1997 Construction startsnear Pisa EGO –ICRR Meeting 4/5 October 2011

  4. The history of the project • Foundation of EGO in 2000 • 2004/2005 Commissioning • 2006Physics • Netherlands: Nikhefjoined EGO in 2006 • EGO Councilapproved Advanced VIRGO in 2009 • Poland (POLGRAW) & Hungary (RMKI) joined EGO in 2010 EGO –ICRR Meeting 4/5 October 2011

  5. EGO in synthesis • EGO: • French-Italian Consortiumto support & operate VIRGO and promote cooperation for gravitational waves physics in Europe

  6. The Structure EGO Council (INFN/CNRS/NIKHEF) STACScientific and Technical Advisory Committee EGO Director F. FERRINI Virgo Spokesperson J.Y. VINET Directorate services Interferometer operation Site & Infrastructure Computing Administration Technical Coordination for upgrades EGO Staff ~ 65 FTE EGO –ICRR Meeting 4/5 October 2011

  7. EGO Council • President: Stavros Katsanevas • Vice-President: Benedetto D’Ettorre • CNRS delegates: • Jean-Marie Hameury • Pascale Rubin • INFN delegates: • Angelo Scribano • EnricoIacopini • NIKHEF observer: • Frank Linde • Advisors: • Isabelle Aleci • Roberto Pellegrini EGO –ICRR Meeting 4/5 October 2011

  8. STAC EGO –ICRR Meeting 4/5 October 2011

  9. EGO/VIRGO • A large infrastructure : • 3 km long arms: ΔL / L = 10-21 • 60 ha of land; ~150000 m3 of buildings • The largest high vacuum system in Europe : 7000 m3 P ≅10-9 mbar • High tech optics • Several class 10 clean rooms • 15000 m3 thermo stabilized to +- 0.2 °C • 600 kW electrical power • 24h/24h data taking; 1 TB/day collected

  10. EGO / VIRGO • LAPP – Annecy • NIKHEF – Amsterdam • RMKI - Budapest • INFN – Firenze-Urbino • INFN – Genova • INFN – LNF • LMA – Lyon • INFN – Napoli • OCA – Nice • LAL – Orsay • APC – Paris • LKB - Paris • INFN – Padova-Trento • INFN – Perugia • INFN - Pisa • INFN – Roma 1 • INFN – Roma 2 • POLGRAV - Warsaw

  11. EGO Aims according to Statute • The Consortium shall have as its purpose the promotion of research in the field of gravitation in Europe. • EGO pursues the following objectives: • “Ensures the construction of the antenna VIRGO, its operation, maintenance and upgrade as well as its exploitation.” EGO –ICRR Meeting 4/5 October 2011

  12. EGO Functioning Human Resources: Staff: 64.5 FTE 36: Engineers and applied physicists Nationalities: Italy + 15 FTE: France, Germany, The Netherlands United Kingdom, Russia Financial Resources: CNRS (France) INFN (Italy) Nikhef (The Netherlands) RMKI (Hungary) Polgrav (Poland) EGO –ICRR Meeting 4/5 October 2011

  13. EGO Support to VIRGO • To ensures operation, maintenance and upgrade of the interferometer VIRGO: • Infrastructures & laboratories: • Optics • Electronics • Ultra-Vacuum • Cryogenics • Computing EGO –ICRR Meeting 4/5 October 2011

  14. Optics Group: Main tasks • Maintenance and support for all the on-site Virgo activity in which optical and electro-optical expertise is required, in particular: • Injection and detection system • Local controls • Locking • Alignment • Involvement in commissioning activity: • Interferometer pre-alignment and automatic alignment • Injection system • Detection system • Diffused light • Thermal effects • Reference within the collaboration for support in optics for Virgo. R&D activities, e.g. “High power input optical components for Advanced Virgo”. • Maingroupinvolved in the Advanced Virgo INJ Subsystem

  15. Electronic Group: Main Tasks • Electronics Maintenance/Upgrade • Suspension electronics production, assembly and installation • Suspension electronics documentation, maintenance and upgrade • Injection System electronics maintenance support • Commissioning support • Injection System electronics characterization and troubleshooting • Environmental Monitoring characterization • Specific devices electronics modification • Advanced Virgo • -Development of the Electronic needed for the INJ Subsystem • -Electronic Standardisation

  16. Operations group: Main Tasks • Automation of ITF procedures • Coordination, maintenance, upgrades • Detector Monitoring • Coordination, maintenance, requirement definitions, testing • Training • Operation of Clean Rooms • Management and maintenance • Commissioning support • Mirror Suspension Control, • Alignment, • Noise hunting • Partecipation to the SAT AdV Subsystem • In vacuum cabling • Superattenuator components assembly

  17. EGO Aims on a larger horizon • EGO: • Carries out research in the field of gravitation • of common interest of the Members • Promotes contacts among scientists and engineers, dissemination and training for • young researchers • Promotes co-operation on experimental and theoretical gravitational waves research • in Europe EGO –ICRR Meeting 4/5 October 2011

  18. EGO Recent Actions • Organization of IIASPERA Technology Forum20-21 October 2011, focus on “Optics and Laser” • Addressed both to the GW experiments and to the “traditional” telescopes (CTA, Magic, ….) • Member of IDPASC, International Doctorate Network in Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology, since 2011 • Organization of ISAPP 2010, International School on Astro-Particle Physics: ”Early Universe & GWs” • EU Researchers’ night partnership with INFN-LNF EGO –ICRR Meeting 4/5 October 2011

  19. EGO & Training Established in 2004, the VIRGO EGO Scientific Forum is composed of 47 research groups active in the European scientific community. • A total of 18 fellowships with a two-year duration have been funded in Italy (7), Spain (3), France (2), Germany (2), Greece (1), Hungary (1), Poland (1) and UK (1). • A yearly school to introduce Physics students to gravitational waves is organized since 2006. In addition, VESF launched a complementary yearly school on GW Data Analysis in 2010. More than 150 graduating students were introduced to GW and to the techniques used to detect them. EGO –ICRR Meeting 4/5 October 2011

  20. EGO & EU • Coordination of EU projects: • 2004/2008 ILIAS (Integrated Large Infrastructures for AstroParticles Science) project, coordinator of the networking activity: GW Antenna • 2008/2011 Einstein Telescope • coordination and management of the project • support to the ET science team • interface with the EC • reporting activity • 2011/2015 ELiTES project • coordination and management EGO –ICRR Meeting 4/5 October 2011

  21. EGO MTP 2012/2016 • The main activities foreseen in the EGO Medium Term Plan • Construction of the Advanced VIRGO detector, 2011/2014. • Commissioning of AdV & early science run, 2015. • From 2016, AdV science run. • R&D and subsequent implementation necessary for a significant sensitivity increase of Advanced VIRGO beyond the design sensitivity, 2013/2016 • Einstein Telescope in the framework of a European collaboration, to produce a Conceptual Design Report, and potentially continue with the Technical Design Report. EGO –ICRR Meeting 4/5 October 2011

  22. Present of GW research in Europe • There is a scientific case • There are scientific and technological competencies, developed locally in Laboratories • There are research infrastructures, thanks to the vision of National Agencies • There are industries which provided the high-tech components, acquiring know-how to be spent on the market • There are first class World-wide technology transfers and/or spin-off from EGO/VIRGO and GEO600: (a) mechanics (IT), (b) lasers (DE), (c) mirrors (FR & DE) • The two EU interferometers have done a common science run during summer 2011 • The National scientific communities have demonstrated to be able to cooperate on a common project (the Einstein Telescope) • There is a well consolidated management (EU grants, EU projects, science and technology workshops, R&D, training) EGO –ICRR Meeting 4/5 October 2011

  23. An EUROPEAN STRATEGY for GW? • EGO & GEO600 • A multi-sited Research Infrastructure • Lead 3rd Generation Interferometers • Local & Global • The virtuous quadrilateral: • Research • Technology Collaboration • Education EGO –ICRR Meeting 4/5 October 2011

  24. EUROPEAN STRATEGY for EGO • Three Steps: • Active participation in EU GW projects • Increase the participation of the National GW communities in Europe to EGO • Develop the dialogue with the GW communities in other regions of the World EGO –ICRR Meeting 4/5 October 2011

  25. Summary • An efficient, responsive and light structure to support Virgo and promote European collaboration under supervision by national institutions • EGO existence relies on Virgo/AdV success • The future of GW in Europe depends upon a stronger collaboration between EU countries. EGO may prefigure the required infrastructure. Advanced VIRGO