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Chapter 6. Technology and Curriculum Integration. CHAPTER 6 OBJECTIVES. Define curriculum and explain curriculum standards and benchmarks Explain technology integration, or curriculum integration Describe the use of computers in computer labs versus classroom instruction

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## Chapter 6

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**Chapter 6**Technology and Curriculum Integration**CHAPTER 6 OBJECTIVES**• Define curriculum and explain curriculum standards and benchmarks • Explain technology integration, or curriculum integration • Describe the use of computers in computer labs versus classroom instruction • Identify ways in which technology can positively influence learning**CHAPTER 6 OBJECTIVES**• Identify ways to plan for technology integration • Explain various planning tools and instructional models • Describe the steps of the ASSURE Model • Identify ways to get started using technology at a new school • Describe the use of learning centers**WHAT IS CURRICULUM?**• Education is all of the experiences that a learner has under the supervision and guidance of teachers • Curriculums include plans or written documents**WHAT IS CURRICULUM?**• Country or state agencies**WHAT IS CURRICULUM?**• Curriculum Standards and Benchmarks • Curriculum standard • Defines what a student is expected to know at certain stages of education • Benchmark • Specific, measurable learning objective**WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION?**• Combining of all technology parts, such as hardware and software, together with each subject-related area of curriculum to enhance learning • Establish connections between subject matter and the real world**WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION?**• Curriculum drives technology**WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION?**• Classroom Integration versus Computer Labs • Computer labs • A designated classroom filled with computers • Teachers schedule time to use the labs for many purposes**WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION?**• Classroom Integration versus Computer Labs • Point of instruction • Technology in the classroom at the teachers’ and students’ fingertips**WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION?**• Classroom Integration versus Computer Labs • Point of instruction • Teachable moments**THE CLASSROOM IN ACTION**• Introduction to Mr. Balado’s classroom • Instructional computer with access to the Web and connected to a large television set • Allows Mr. Balado to access vast amounts of information**INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY INTO THE CURRICULUM**• Technology can motivate students and increase class attendance • Technology must be integrated into the curriculum • Identify goals • Develop innovative ways to teach a diverse population of learners with different learning styles**Technology is a tool that creates valuable learning**experiences for many different types of learners**CHANGING INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES**• Teachers are shifting from being the dispenser of knowledge to being the facilitator of learning • Students can accomplish learning with the teachers’ assistance • Learning is not just storage of knowledge, but includes problem solving**BARRIERS TO TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION**• Lack of teacher training • Lack of administration support • Limited time for teacher planning • Placement of computers in remote locations • Overcoming the barriers**TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION AND THE LEARNING PROCESS**• The Learning Process • Authentic learning • Instructional activities that demonstrate real-life connections by associating the concept being taught with a real-life activity or event**TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION AND THE LEARNING PROCESS**• The Learning Process • Active learning • Students become active in the learning process • Anchored instruction • Providing a knowledge base on which students can build**TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION AND THE LEARNING PROCESS**• The Learning Process • Problem-based instruction • Students use the background (anchor) information to solve complex problems • Discovery learning • Inquiry-based method for teaching and learning**TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION AND THE LEARNING PROCESS**• Technology and the Learning Process • Numerous technology tools to support many types of instruction and learning • Multimedia • Example - Body Works • Allows students to build cognitive scaffold • Encourages students to think in colors, sounds, and animations**TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION AND THE LEARNING PROCESS**• Technology and the Learning Process • Numerous technology tools to support many types of instruction and learning • The Web • Educational equalizer • Allows children to experience new educational opportunities • Interaction with others outside of the school**TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION AND THE LEARNING PROCESS**• Technology and the Learning Process • Numerous technology tools to support many types of instruction and learning • Cooperative learning • Students work in groups to achieve learning objectives • High order thinking skills**STRATEGIES FOR INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY INTO TEACHING**• Best strategy is to put the technology in the hands of teachers • Provide consistent application of technology tools to support instructional curriculum area • Continuous planning**THE ROLE OF THE SCHOOL DISTRICT**• Technology plan • Outline of procedure for procuring equipment and software • Training • Plans often updated annually**THE ROLE OF THE SCHOOL DISTRICT**Mentorship program • Teaming new teachers with experienced teachers**PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM**• Decide on most appropriate technology to achieve desired learner outcomes • Preparing the classroom environment**PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM**• One-Computer Classroom • Maximize effectiveness of one computer • Use large screen television for output • Projection screens • Used to introduce topics rather than specific skills**PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM**• Two-Computer Classroom • Develop a strategy to manage both computers • Many questions determine strategy • Will the computers be configured the same? • Web connectivity? • How much time per student? • How will student evaluation be done?**PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM**• More Than Two Computers • Arrange classroom into learning centers • Use planning criteria mentioned previously**PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM**• Using a Computer Lab • Advantages • One computer per student • Hands-on • Tutorials • Remediation • Cooperative learning • Computer skill instruction • Internet research**PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM**• Using A Wireless Mobile Lab • Portable cart with wireless notebook computers • Can be transported from one classroom to another**PLANNING LESSONS WITH TECHNOLOGY**• Must consider skill levels of students • Skill assessment survey**PLANNING LESSONS WITH TECHNOLOGY**• KWL Charts • Instructional planning chart to assist teachers in identifying curriculum objectives • What students Know • What students Want to know • What they will Learn**INSTRUCTIONAL MODELS**• A systematic guide for planning instruction or a lesson**INSTRUCTIONAL MODELS**• The ASSURE Model • Guide for planning and delivering instruction that integrates technologies and media into the teaching process**INSTRUCTIONAL MODELS**• The ASSURE Model • Analyze the learner • State your objectives or identify your objectives or purpose • Select media and materials**INSTRUCTIONAL MODELS**• The ASSURE Model • Utilizing Media and Materials • Require Learner Participation • Evaluate and Revise**GETTING STARTED AT A NEW SCHOOL**• Consider ways to utilize available technology • Become familiar with the technology • Ask questions**GETTING STARTED AT A NEW SCHOOL**• Information About Technology • Find out who else in the school uses technology • Determine if there is a technology committee • Teacher’s manual • Determine where to get support**GETTING STARTED AT A NEW SCHOOL**• Technology Training • Does the school offer professional development or inservice training • Talk to your principal, curriculum coordinator, or district instructional technology coordinator

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