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Chapter 6

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Chapter 6

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  1. Chapter 6 Technology and Curriculum Integration

  2. CHAPTER 6 OBJECTIVES • Define curriculum and explain curriculum standards and benchmarks • Explain technology integration, or curriculum integration • Describe the use of computers in computer labs versus classroom instruction • Identify ways in which technology can positively influence learning

  3. CHAPTER 6 OBJECTIVES • Identify ways to plan for technology integration • Explain various planning tools and instructional models • Describe the steps of the ASSURE Model • Identify ways to get started using technology at a new school • Describe the use of learning centers

  4. WHAT IS CURRICULUM? • Education is all of the experiences that a learner has under the supervision and guidance of teachers • Curriculums include plans or written documents

  5. WHAT IS CURRICULUM? • Country or state agencies

  6. WHAT IS CURRICULUM? • Curriculum Standards and Benchmarks • Curriculum standard • Defines what a student is expected to know at certain stages of education • Benchmark • Specific, measurable learning objective

  7. WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION? • Combining of all technology parts, such as hardware and software, together with each subject-related area of curriculum to enhance learning • Establish connections between subject matter and the real world

  8. WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION? • Curriculum drives technology

  9. WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION? • Classroom Integration versus Computer Labs • Computer labs • A designated classroom filled with computers • Teachers schedule time to use the labs for many purposes

  10. WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION? • Classroom Integration versus Computer Labs • Point of instruction • Technology in the classroom at the teachers’ and students’ fingertips

  11. WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION? • Classroom Integration versus Computer Labs • Point of instruction • Teachable moments

  12. THE CLASSROOM IN ACTION • Introduction to Mr. Balado’s classroom • Instructional computer with access to the Web and connected to a large television set • Allows Mr. Balado to access vast amounts of information

  13. INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY INTO THE CURRICULUM • Technology can motivate students and increase class attendance • Technology must be integrated into the curriculum • Identify goals • Develop innovative ways to teach a diverse population of learners with different learning styles

  14. Technology is a tool that creates valuable learning experiences for many different types of learners

  15. CHANGING INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES • Teachers are shifting from being the dispenser of knowledge to being the facilitator of learning • Students can accomplish learning with the teachers’ assistance • Learning is not just storage of knowledge, but includes problem solving

  16. BARRIERS TO TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION • Lack of teacher training • Lack of administration support • Limited time for teacher planning • Placement of computers in remote locations • Overcoming the barriers

  17. TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION AND THE LEARNING PROCESS • The Learning Process • Authentic learning • Instructional activities that demonstrate real-life connections by associating the concept being taught with a real-life activity or event

  18. TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION AND THE LEARNING PROCESS • The Learning Process • Active learning • Students become active in the learning process • Anchored instruction • Providing a knowledge base on which students can build

  19. TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION AND THE LEARNING PROCESS • The Learning Process • Problem-based instruction • Students use the background (anchor) information to solve complex problems • Discovery learning • Inquiry-based method for teaching and learning

  20. TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION AND THE LEARNING PROCESS • Technology and the Learning Process • Numerous technology tools to support many types of instruction and learning • Multimedia • Example - Body Works • Allows students to build cognitive scaffold • Encourages students to think in colors, sounds, and animations

  21. TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION AND THE LEARNING PROCESS • Technology and the Learning Process • Numerous technology tools to support many types of instruction and learning • The Web • Educational equalizer • Allows children to experience new educational opportunities • Interaction with others outside of the school

  22. TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION AND THE LEARNING PROCESS • Technology and the Learning Process • Numerous technology tools to support many types of instruction and learning • Cooperative learning • Students work in groups to achieve learning objectives • High order thinking skills

  23. STRATEGIES FOR INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY INTO TEACHING • Best strategy is to put the technology in the hands of teachers • Provide consistent application of technology tools to support instructional curriculum area • Continuous planning

  24. THE ROLE OF THE SCHOOL DISTRICT • Technology plan • Outline of procedure for procuring equipment and software • Training • Plans often updated annually

  25. THE ROLE OF THE SCHOOL DISTRICT Mentorship program • Teaming new teachers with experienced teachers

  26. PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM • Decide on most appropriate technology to achieve desired learner outcomes • Preparing the classroom environment

  27. PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM • One-Computer Classroom • Maximize effectiveness of one computer • Use large screen television for output • Projection screens • Used to introduce topics rather than specific skills

  28. PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM • Two-Computer Classroom • Develop a strategy to manage both computers • Many questions determine strategy • Will the computers be configured the same? • Web connectivity? • How much time per student? • How will student evaluation be done?

  29. PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM • More Than Two Computers • Arrange classroom into learning centers • Use planning criteria mentioned previously

  30. PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM • Using a Computer Lab • Advantages • One computer per student • Hands-on • Tutorials • Remediation • Cooperative learning • Computer skill instruction • Internet research

  31. PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM • Using A Wireless Mobile Lab • Portable cart with wireless notebook computers • Can be transported from one classroom to another

  32. PLANNING LESSONS WITH TECHNOLOGY • Must consider skill levels of students • Skill assessment survey

  33. PLANNING LESSONS WITH TECHNOLOGY • KWL Charts • Instructional planning chart to assist teachers in identifying curriculum objectives • What students Know • What students Want to know • What they will Learn

  34. INSTRUCTIONAL MODELS • A systematic guide for planning instruction or a lesson

  35. INSTRUCTIONAL MODELS • The ASSURE Model • Guide for planning and delivering instruction that integrates technologies and media into the teaching process

  36. INSTRUCTIONAL MODELS • The ASSURE Model • Analyze the learner • State your objectives or identify your objectives or purpose • Select media and materials

  37. INSTRUCTIONAL MODELS • The ASSURE Model • Utilizing Media and Materials • Require Learner Participation • Evaluate and Revise

  38. GETTING STARTED AT A NEW SCHOOL • Consider ways to utilize available technology • Become familiar with the technology • Ask questions

  39. GETTING STARTED AT A NEW SCHOOL • Information About Technology • Find out who else in the school uses technology • Determine if there is a technology committee • Teacher’s manual • Determine where to get support

  40. GETTING STARTED AT A NEW SCHOOL • Technology Training • Does the school offer professional development or inservice training • Talk to your principal, curriculum coordinator, or district instructional technology coordinator