Information contained in this presentation may be used at your own risk. While it is intended to be advisory in nature, you are responsible to verify the accuracy of the information prior to any use.
Special Thanks to; Lucas Boucher Dan Diviney Leah Kissick Jackie Klunk Jeff Trish
Fresh Water is essential to human life An otherwise health person can only live 3 – 5 days without water The average American uses 40-100 gallons of water a day
Raw Water Risks • Protozoan Cysts • Cryptosporidium parvum, Giardia lamblia • Bacteria • Escherichia coli, or E. coli, Salmonella, Campylobacter jejuni, Yersinia entercolitica, Leptospirainterrogans and many others • Viruses • hepatitis A, rotavirus, enterovirus, norovirus, Norwalk virus
Pathogen Effects • Mainly gastrointestinal • Diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, pain and discomfort, dehydration, death • May range from minor to severe • May be life threatening
Water Treatment Options • Chemical treatment • Boiling • Gravity-fed filters and purifiers • Mechanical/Pump-style filters and purifiers • Ultraviolet light
How much do you need? • Two (2) Gallons per person per day • One (1) Gallon for drinking and food preparation • One (1) Gallon for bathing, hygiene and dish washing
Finding water in your house • Water heater • Toilet tank • Cold water pipes • Melted ice cubes • Liquids from canned goods • Swimming pools, hot tubs and spas • Water beds
Storage • Use: • Glass – Be careful • Plastic – Certain types • Metal – Stainless steel or aluminum • Containers approved for food and/or water storage
About Plastics • HDPE - High Density PolyEthylene • LDPE – Low Density PolyEthylene • PP – PolyPropylene • All of the above are okay for water storage
Do not store clean, filtered or disinfected water in collection containers unless they have been disinfected • Do not store drinking water longer than six (6) months
Water Purification You can do it
What you need to purify using bleach… Items Needed
Pour water through filters… This is a slow process.
… then smell the water. Cover and wait 30 minutes The water should have a very faint bleach odor. If it does not, add 2 more drops and remix. Do NOT exceed 16 drops per gallon.
to purify BOILING by
Water 2% Tincture of Iodine Eye Dropper Containers Plastic or Glass Coffee Filters Needed:
Pre-filter • Pre-filter raw water through several coffee filters before treatment, if possible.
Water Temperature: • Iodine Treatment works best over 60° F • If water is below 40° F, the wait time to use must be doubled.
Add five (5) drops of Iodine per quart. Clear Water
Add ten (10) drops of iodine per quart Cloudy Water
Allow time for the iodine to work Remember to double the wait time for cold water Let Sit For 30 Minutes
Try adding: • A pinch of salt • Lemon juice • Crushed Vitamin C tablet (50mg) • Drink Flavoring like; Tang, Kool-Aid, etc., etc. • Pour back and forth between two containers Iodine treated water tastes nasty Taste
Iodine should be considered a treatment method in emergencies, for short term use only. For Short Term Use Only
Medical Precautions: Do Not use iodine treated water if you: • have an allergy to Iodine or Shellfish • have a Thyroid Condition • Are Pregnant • take any sort of Lithium Medication
Filters • Remove • Bacteria • Protozoan Cysts
Purifiers • Remove • Bacteria • Protozoan Cysts • Viruses
2 Basic Types • Gravity • Mechanical
Gravity • Lazy Man’s Method
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