Extra Credit • 1 page, 1 point, 1 week • Fred Hampton OR Tyisha Miller • Speculate on whether the person you chose be alive today if: • 1.) They were not black? • 2.) The cops who shot them were not white? • 3.) They lived in a country not ruled by whites?
Extra Credit 2 pages, 2 points, 2 films, 2 weeks Provide one example of each base of power used by organizations in the films. Provide one example of each of the elements of bureaucracy in the films. Shaka Zulu Zulu! Cry Freedom Amandla! The Bang Bang Club Pray the Devil Back to Hell Mugabe and the White African 500 Years Later South of the Border To Kill a King Without the King Princess Kaiulani The Alamo Walker The Emperor’s New Clothes (Napoleon) … And Starring Pancho Villa as Himself Michael Collins
Extra Credit2 pgs, 1 pt, due the day we get back from break Read the online article “Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack of White Privilege” by Peggy McIntosh. (You’ll find it on at least a dozen websites.) She has a list of privileges from which whites benefit in colonial, white-dominated societies. Choose 5 from her list that you think are worth making people aware of, and 5 that you think are not worth mentioning. Copy and paste these 10 sentences into the first page of your assignment. Page 2 should be entirely your work, and each of your 10 sentences should state why you think each of the 10 points you chose is either worth teaching about or not.
Weber’s Ideal Type Bureaucracy • Division of labor • Hierarchy of authority • Standardized and codified norms • Disinterested role-enactment • Technical competence • Advancement protocols • Extensive record-keeping
Main Theories of Deviance Control theory (Conflict): Based on institutional order & rationality. Institutions motivate us to emulate roles that preserve the status-quo. Some fall through the cracks. Differential association or learning theory (SI): We echo the words and behaviors of our primary groups. Strain theory (Functionalist): Based on a combination of differential (variable) opportunity and expectations of life outcomes. Labeling theory (SI): Our actions affect others’ perceptions of us, which in turn affect the scripts that they assign us. This, in turn, constrains our social opportunities and locks us into a deviant social category.
Composite Theory of Deviance Institutional participation Institutional attachment Engaging in deviant behavior Legitimate opportunities Association with deviants Acquiring deviant label
Robert Merton’s Strain Theory Legitimate Opportunities Yes No Conformists Innovators Yes No Legitimate Goals Ritualists Retreatists Rebels
Is Poverty an Objectively Defined Variable? In 2002, poverty in the US was defined as households earning less than: Persons in Annual Household Income 1 $ 8,860 2 $ 11,940 3 $ 15,020 5 $ 21,180 9 $ 33,500
Turned on its head. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Revised O2 Water Food Shelter Stability/Predictability Cultural Directives
Chain Gangs and the Prison Industry By the advent of the American Civil War, migrant slavery had already been effected in California and the rest of the Southwest (first by Spain, then Mexico, then the US). In order to sustain the US’ expansive efforts during its semi-peripheral period, Lincoln, Johnson, Grant and their successors enacted legislation in Southern states as well as in California to create prison industrial complexes. The rest of the world’s cores had already been doing this in Africa, Asia, Australia, and the rest of the Americas. The world’s cores today rely so heavily on the exploitation of their captive populations and colonies that law is used as a method of defining who must do the slave labor for whom.
Organized Crime & Terrorism Both utilize combinations of coercive, symbolic, administrative, and material means of power. Both enforce a division of labor based on technical competence. As with legitimate enterprises, leaders utilize combinations of charismatic, traditional, and bureaucratic authority. Both have been traditionally hierarchical, although post-industrial technologies have decentralized OC. Both are organizations; thus, both perpetuate themselves, exhibit exclusive membership and have monopolistic tendencies. Both disregard the authority of more conventionally powerful structures, either local or international. OC is economically motivated and traditionally localized; terrorism is ideologically motivated and almost always continental or global in scope.