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English 10 Grammar & Writing #7 Mr. Rinka PowerPoint Presentation
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English 10 Grammar & Writing #7 Mr. Rinka

English 10 Grammar & Writing #7 Mr. Rinka

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English 10 Grammar & Writing #7 Mr. Rinka

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  1. English 10 Grammar & Writing #7Mr. Rinka Spelling Rules Pt. 2 & TOEFL Vocabulary List #2 http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm

  2. Spelling Rule #11 To form plurals of most English nouns, simply add –s. boat = boats girl = girls dog = dogs book = books tree = trees car = cars

  3. Spelling Rule #12 To create plural forms of other words use the rules presented in the following slides!

  4. Spelling Rule #12A If a noun ends in s, x, z, ch, or sh, add –es. glass = glasses fox = foxes waltz = waltzes peach = peaches wish = wishes

  5. Spelling Rule #12B If a noun ends in y with a consonant before it, change the y to an iand add an –es. city = cities baby = babies lady = ladies story = stories mystery = mysteries Exceptions: Proper nouns ending in y add –s. Burney = BurneysLarry = Larrys

  6. Spelling Rule #12C If a noun ends in y with a vowel before it, add –s to form plural. joy = joys guy = guys bay = bays day = days jay = jays ray = rays

  7. You Try It ! girl = dog = book = tree = car = glass = fox = waltz = peach = wish = city = baby = lady = story = mystery = joy = guy = bay = day = jay =

  8. Answers girl = girls dog = dogs book = books tree = trees car = cars glass = glasses fox = foxes waltz = waltzes peach = peaches wish = wishes city = cities baby = babies lady = ladies story = stories mystery = mysteries joy = joys guy = guys bay = bays day = days jay = jays

  9. Spelling Rule #12D Depending on pronunciation, some nouns ending in f orfeadd –s to the plural and others change the f orfeto v and add –es. safe = safes calf = calves giraffe = giraffes knife = knives roof = roofs loaf = loaves belief = beliefs wife = wives

  10. Spelling Rule #12E Nouns ending in o with a vowel before it, add -s to form the plural. zoo = zoos radio = radios rodeo = rodeos patio = patios stereo = stereos kangaroo = kangaroos

  11. Spelling Rule #12F Nouns ending in o with a consonant before it, add -esto form the plural. potato = potatoes hero = heroes tomato = tomatoes veto = vetoes echo = echoes

  12. Spelling Rule #12F (cont.) Exceptions: Some nouns, mostly musical terms, ending in o with a consonant before it, add -s to form the plural. solo = solos alto = altos soprano = sopranos piano = pianos

  13. You Try It! safe = calf = giraffe = knife = roof = loaf = belief = wife = zoo = radio = patio = stereo = tomato = veto = echo = solo = alto = soprano =

  14. Answers safe = safes calf = calves giraffe = giraffes knife = knives roof = roofs loaf = loaves belief = beliefs wife = wives zoo = zoos radio = radios patio = patios stereo = stereos tomato = tomatoes veto = vetoes echo = echoes solo = solos alto = altos soprano = sopranos

  15. Spelling Rule #12G The plural forms of some nouns form in an irregular way. man = men woman = women foot = feet child = children goose = geese mouse = mice tooth = teeth

  16. Spelling Rule #12H Some nouns form their plural by not changing. deer = deer sheep = sheep moose = moose series = series trout = trout

  17. Spelling Rule #12i If a compound word is formed as one word, create the plural by adding –s or –esto the end of the it. skateboard = skateboards earthquake = earthquakes firefly = fireflies schoolhouse = schoolhouses footprint = footprints http://www.learningdifferences.com/Main%20Page/Topics/Compound%20Word%20Lists/Compound_Word_%20Lists_complete.htm

  18. Spelling Rule #12J If a compound word is hyphenated, create the plural by adding –s or –esto the main noun. mother-in-law = mothers-in-law runner-up = runners-up attorney-at-law = attorneys-at-law ex-president = ex-presidents http://www.tedmontgomery.com/punctuation/hyphen-b.html

  19. Spelling Rule #12K Some nouns English has borrowed form Greek or Latin keep their plural form from the original language. alumnus = alumni datum = data phenomenon = phenomena analysis = analyses crisis = crises

  20. Spelling Rule #12L Use an apostrophe s (‘s) to form the plurals of numerals, letters, symbols, and words used as words. 7 = 7’s A = A’s c = c’s & = &’s 1900 = 1900’s and = and’s

  21. You Try It! man = woman = foot = child = goose = mouse = tooth = deer = sheep = moose = series = trout = firefly = footprint = datum = crisis = 7 = 1900 = mother-in-law =

  22. Answers man = men woman = women foot = feet child = children goose = geese mouse = mice tooth = teeth deer = deer sheep = sheep moose = moose series = series trout = trout firefly = fireflies footprint = footprints datum = data crisis = crises 7 = 7’s 1900 = 1900’s mother-in-law = mothers-in-law

  23. TOEFL Vocabulary List #2 The following is a list of vocabulary words that often appear on the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) test. http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm

  24. TOEFL Vocabulary #2http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm animosity(noun): hostility, ill will animos(mind, life, spirit, anger) + ity(n. state or quality) There isn't any animosity between us.

  25. TOEFL Vocabulary #2http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm annals(noun): record of events, historical records ann(yearly) + al (n. action directing a person to another) + s (plural) The annals of the organization are kept in notebooks.

  26. TOEFL Vocabulary #2http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm annual(adjective): yearly annu(yearly) + al (adj. quality, relation) She is planning on going to the company's annual meeting.

  27. TOEFL Vocabulary #2http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm annuity(noun): money payable yearly annu(yearly) + ity(n. state or quality) Joan is going to invest her annuity in the stock market.

  28. TOEFL Vocabulary #2http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm anniversary(noun): the yearly celebration of an event anni(yearly) + vers(to turn) + ary(adj. resembling, related to) John's parents will celebrate their wedding anniversary in April.

  29. TOEFL Vocabulary #2http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm perennial(adjective): enduring, persisting for several years per (through) + enn(yearly) + ial(adj. quality, relation) I would like to buy some perrenialplants.

  30. TOEFL Vocabulary #2http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm author(noun): one that originates or creates, a writer auth(to originate, to increase) + or (n. person or thing that does something) Susan met the author of this book.

  31. TOEFL Vocabulary #2http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm augment (verb): to increase, to add to aug(to originate, to increase) + ment(n. condition or result) He had to augment his salary by taking another job.

  32. TOEFL Vocabulary #2http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm auction (noun): a sale of goods to the highest bidder auct(to originate, increase)+ ion (n. condition or action) I bought this car at the auction.

  33. TOEFL Vocabulary #2http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm benevolent(adjective): marked by goodwill bene(good, well, gentle) + vol(roll, turn) + ent(n. an agent) The "Salvation Army" is known as a benevolent society.

  34. TOEFL Vocabulary #2http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm benign(adjective): harmless, mild, gentle ben(good, well, gentle) + ign( short version of L. benignus) The doctor removed a benign tumor from my neck and I went home.

  35. TOEFL Vocabulary #2http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm bibliography(noun): a list of written works biblio(book) + graph(write, draw) + y (n. state, condition, result of acting) Olaf listed a brief bibliography at the end of his paper.

  36. Flashcard Machine http://www.flashcardmachine.com/p/d2g9z5

  37. English 10 Grammar & Writing #7Mr. Rinka Spelling Rules Pt. 2 & TOEFL Vocabulary List #2 http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm