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Latin America

Latin America

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Latin America

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  1. Latin America • - Argentina • - Mexico • To come • - Brasil, Chile, Peru, El Salvador

  2. Basic Facts • Mexico • Population: 110 million • GNI per capita (PPP): $12,000 • Growth in 1995-2005: 3.7% • 1995 – 2000: 5.6% • 2000 – 2005: 1.8% • Argentina • Population: 40 million • GNI per capita (PPP): $11,670 • Growth in the 1995-2005: 2.1% • 1999- 2002: - 5%

  3. Voices of the poor, in Mexico 3,000 “poor” people (adults) were interviewed They were asked to name and rank the most important aspects of deprivation and the said: Income Access of drinking water Education Health Nutrition Shelter “Que dicen los pobres”

  4. Datasets • Mexico: ENIGH (Encuesta Nacional de Ingresos y gastos de los Hogares). Nationally representative. Years: 1994, 2000, 2006. • Argentina: EPH (Encuesta Permanente de Hogares). Urban, 60% total population. Years: 1995, 2000, 2003 • Unit of Analysis: Individuals – Households • Poverty measures regularly used: • Poverty Line (Food, Capabilities, Patrimony): Hincome • Unsatisfied Basic Needs: H

  5. Selected Indicators & Deprivation Cutoffs

  6. RESULTS - Argentina and Mexico

  7. ARGENTINAIncidence of deprivations

  8. ARGENTINAH and Mo for different k values - Ranking weights

  9. ARGENTINAContribution of each indicator to M0when k=3 and ‘ranking’ weight M0=0.016 M0=0.018 M0=0.032

  10. ARGENTINAH and Mo for different k values – ‘equal weight’

  11. ARGENTINAContribution of each indicator to M0when k=2 and ‘equal’ weight M0=0.035 M0=0.032 M0=0.046

  12. MEXICOIncidence of deprivations

  13. MEXICOH and Mo for different k values – Ranking weight

  14. MEXICOContribution of each indicator to M0when k=2 and ranking weight M0=0.041 M0=0.036 M0=0.048

  15. MEXICOH and Mo for different k values – ‘equal weight’

  16. MEXICOContribution of each indicator to M0when k=2 and ‘equal’ weight M0=0.041 M0=0.036 M0=0.048